Australia is a beautiful and prosperous country. Its picture-like scenery and open-minded attitude have attracted migrants from over 200 countries worldwide. Australia』s multicultural policy has engaged people of various ethnicities who live in this rich land and enjoy equal opportunity and treatment.
No matter what country migrants are from, they qualify as Australian citizens after living in Australia for over four years. No matter which ethnic background, culture, religion, language, gender or birth place people may have, they will become responsible to national interests and development once they become Australian citizens.
Mr.Stephen Sim -– Election Polling Booth Manager for Liberal Party
Here in Australia we are blessed with the right to vote something that we cherish very much, something that the people in China do not have and it is very dear to us and in Australia we have three governments for whom we elect. We have the Federal Government. The Federal Government looks after things such the economy, deference and all the national issues. We then have our State Governments we have NSW here Queensland, Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia each of these states has a government. We also have our Local Government that takes care, it is like a village your local area, looks after the essential services such as your transport and your buildings this Saturday 26 of March it is every four year that we have the NSW State elections and everybody in NSW every adult who is registered to vote and when you do turn 18 you are required that you have to register and vote you have the opportunity to vote for against your local candidates.
Mr.Gordon Moyes– FAMILY FIRST PARTY MP
Well, I think the most important thing is to realize this country of Australia we have the right to vote. Every individual has the right. Although some people get lazy or don』t want to vote intelligently, they are forgetting that for centuries people died that men and women might have the right to vote and have their people in parliament. So its very important that every people who is an Australian citizen whether from overseas or from Australian born that they do vote and they do vote for what they want.
It’s a democratic system I recognized that many people in country overseas don』t have this privilege
we shouldn』t take the freedom for granted and we should make the most of it.
Mr.Stephen Sim -– Election Polling Booth Manager for Liberal Party
Here in NSW the State is divided into ninety three areas each of those they are called the electorate each of those roughly has 50 thousand voters, so in Sydney you have the areas that are quite small probably two or three suburbs put together so there are roughly 50 thousand voters or there about in the country areas where people are spread out those electorates are much bigger of cause but the still contain 50 thousand people.
Mr. Jonathan O‘Dea – Liberal MP 自由黨MP
There』s two houses in parliament, one is legislature of assembly, the other is legislature of council which is the house of review, review a lot of the legislation. The assembly has 93 members whereas the councils has 42.
Mr.David Shoebridge– Greens MP:
Many people sort of can』t really grasp how the NSW Parliament operates and I perfectly understand that, we have to chambers in NSW there is the Lower House called the Legislative Assembly and that is where the Premier and the opposition leader are normally found. You see pictures of them bickering on television in the lower house they are elected from districts all across NSW and there are 93 members elected from across NSW from individual districts that form the Lower House the Legislative Assembly and then we also have what is effectively the State Senate wich is the Upper House or the Legislative Council and that is the chamber that I am a member of. That is a 42 member chamber there are 42 members in that and it is effectively at a state level, the senate is at a federal level and it is elected from all across NSW so is no individual seats is what is called proportional representation and half the chamber gets elected every four year so coming up 21 members are up for election in this coming March election and they』ll for part of the NSW Upper House or NSW Senate.
Mr. Jonathan O‘Dea – Liberal MP 自由黨MP
The legislature of assembly is very important in considering laws that are debated and passéd for our state of nsw as well as debating important issues of the day and holding the govt to account from an opposition perspective.
Mr. David Shoebridge Greens MP in the NSW Upper House :
What you need an Upper House for is to actually apply some independent scrutiny to what the government of the day is doing, keep an eye on things you know a real check and balance of the political system because traditional here in NSW the Upper House has not been controlled by the government of the day there is being a series of crossbenches who held a balance of power in the NSW Upper House.
你需要上議院是為了獨立監督政府的所為，關注一些事情，你知道，真正的監察，當下政治體系的平衡，因為傳統上在新州，上議院不受當權政府的控 制， 有一系列的無黨派議席在新州上議院維持著權力均衡.
Ms. Linda Burney — Labor MP
08:30 the minister within the govt is the person that is a member of cabinet. They have a very very important and highly responsible role to make decisions about what legislation, what law will be introduced into the parliament. You are also responsible for a department. generally from me, the department of community services , it is also the executive of government. it is the …the ministers are the senior people within govt. so it is a very very very important role.
Australians have to vote and it』s compulsory. Each vote for the candidates is essential, as Australia uses the 「preferential voting」 electoral system.
Mr. Jonathan O‘Dea – Liberal MP 自由黨MP
in each electorate there are about 46000 people who are eligible to vote and you have to get a majority of those votes after preferences have been distributed. Nsw is not compulsory to get preferences so you can just vote 1, that』s certainly what I will advocate in my electorate. You can just vote 1, not surprisingly. They can just vote 1 for Jonathan O’Dea. Certainly, you have the option of providing a preference vote and if the no 1 vote is knock out it can be passed on to another candidate. But after all the valid votes had tallied up whoever has the majority of votes after you eliminate those who did not get many votes, you come down to 2 candidates and ultimately one candidate has the majority of those valid votes. They are the elected member for the legislative of assembly for the lower house in parliament. of the 93 seats are decided in that way. The party that is able to bring together the majority of the seats then gets to form govt.
每個選區大約有46000人有資格投票，在候選人的優先度被計算出來後，你就必須得到大部分的選票。新南威爾士不是強制性地 實行優先選舉，所以你可以只投一票，那肯定也是我在我的選區要提倡的做法。你可以只投一票，這不奇怪。他們可以只投一票給Jonathan O‘Dea。當然，你也可以選擇采用優先選舉投票，如果你的第一候選人被淘汰出局，這張票還可以被你單子上的其他候選人使用。但是畢竟當那些沒有得到多少選票的人出局後，所有有效的選票會使那些得到大多數選票的人得到更多選票，在兩個候選人之間競爭，最終剩下的那個候選人會得到絕大多數的有效選票。他們會成為下議院立法院的正式成員。93個席位就是那樣生成的。能夠獲得絕大多數席位的政黨就會組閣政府。
Mr. Stephen Sim– Election Polling Booth Manager for Liberal Party
preference vote was introduced at the end of the previous century we had it in vogue in the election in Australia for about one hundred years and I sort out this little card for you three candidates: Peter Jones, John Smith and Greg Rogers. Now lest say Peter Jones gets 22.500 votes then John Smith comes second with 17.000 and Greg Rogers with 10.000 that total 50.000 votes in the election this are all total after the night at the end of the ballot. You can see that Peter Jones has 45% of the votes and John Smith has 35% and Greg Smith has 20% and you may say well that is good Peter Jones is elected. No he is not the reason we have preference voting is because although 45% of the people want him to be their Member in Parliament 55% don』t want him they voted against him. They don』t want him. So what they do you can vote preference so those who vote for Greg put one on their ballot paper, two for John and three for Peter so when Greg is eliminated all his votes go to John and you add the 35% to the 20% so well that is how John Smith can get elected because as the other people miss out their votes get added on after counting so that is how preference votes happen.
優先選舉在上世紀末開始被采用，這在澳洲過去一百年的投票史上很流行。比如我把給這三位候選人-Peter Jones, John Smith 和 Greg Rogers- 的選票整理出來後，比如Peter Jones得到22500張選票，John Smith得到17000張選票位居第二，Greg Rogers得到10000張選票，這些就是在大選最後那個夜晚後在這次選舉中的總共5萬張選票。你可以看到Peter Jones有45%的選票，John Smith有35%的選票，而Greg Smith有20%的選票。你獲取會說Peter Jones最有可能贏得大選。但是他不是的。我們采用優先選舉的原因就是因為雖然有45%的人希望他能成為議會議員但是有其他55%的人卻不希望他當選。接下來就是采用優先選舉法，所以那些把Greg作為他們首選，把John排在第二把Peter排在第三的人，當Greg出局後所有這些人的選票都會到John手上，所以你把John本身的35%加上Greg的20% ，你就可以看到John Smith是如何贏得大選的，因為當一個候選人出局後，他的選票就會自動加載到第二名身上，這樣就實現了優先選舉。
If you are not in your electorate on Election Day because of illness or other reasons, and you can’t vote. Can you choose to mail your vote or vote early? So how should we fill in the ballot papers for it to count?
Mr. Stephen Sim – Election Polling Booth Manager for Liberal Party
We are now inside the actual polling place here for the pre-polling for Lane cove. It』s a building in Gladesville and this is the actual vote card you are issued with. What happens, the voter goes inside that room there, they are then have their name tick off the roll or in the computer, they are then given one of this. This is the lower house of the parliament….into one of those booths and then they vote from there.
This is the upper house and there are 311 candidates. They can either vote above the line here, make a vote… you can even vote for every candidate and that means you have to vote from 1 to 311. If you put 2 1s or go 1,2 3, 5 9 11 and so on, it becomes invalid vote. Its worthless. So to save for people having to vote for all those candidates, what they ask you to do these days is just to vote 1 above that line, above the big blue line for the political party which you support. Those votes will be distributed to those candidates.
這是上議院，總共有311個候選人。他們可以要麼就在這跟線前面這裏投票，投他們的選票…你甚至開可以為每一個候選人投票，那意味著你要從1投到第311。如果你只投第21或象1,2 3, 5 9 11這樣寫選票，那就是無效選票。那是沒有意義的。所以為了讓那些想要為所有候選人投票的選民節省精力和時間，他們在現在會讓你做的就是在這條線前面投一票，在這條藍色的粗線前面投你支持的政黨。然後這些票會分發到每個那裏面的候選人手裏。
Very important to understand too that the political parties who are listed all the way across. Look at how many political parties we have, an independent group here, there』s 1 ..the labour party here , the liberal party is somewhere there.
As with the lower house of parliament where you have the Christian Democrats candidate, the labour party ..the liberal, the independent for the greens, sorry the greens candidates. Their names are put into the hat, with the nomination close then put into a barrel and the names are drawn out in order. First one out goes to the top of the polling paper, 2nd 3rd and so on. Same applies for the upper house of parliament.
Most people do not fully understand how candidates are found, or they simply have no idea.
Mr.David Shoebridge –Greens MP in the NSW Upper House
The traditional way of getting elected here in NSW has been to join a political party and be put forward after a p reselection as a candidate for a political party. So you can join the Labor Party and be put forward after you get the support of the Labor Party as a candidate for the Labor Party or the Liberal Party, National Party or the NSW Greens. The Greens are unique in terms of political parties here in NSW all of our positions so all of the preselected every candidate that you see standing for the Greens have been chosen by the members. We don』t have a centralized committee that determines who should be candidate. All of our positions are chosen by ballot by the members so that is a traditional way for becoming a member of a political party and getting the support of a political party but you can also stand as an independent you know you don』t have to be aligned with a political party and to stand as an Independent in the Lower House you need to find fifteen other people from that electorate who are on the roll who』ll nominate you in the lower house and in the Upper House you just need to find fifteen people from across the state who are on the roll to nominate you as an Independent and then you go on the ticket.
Vo:在紐省2011年的選舉中，共有工黨Labor ,Coalition聯盟黨, Christian Democrats基督教民主黨, Greens綠黨, Family First家庭第一黨,等黨派參加外，還有獨立候選人。每個選區的候選人不等。
During the 2011 NSW state elections, there is Labor, the Coalition, Christian Democrats, Greens, Family First, other parties and the Independents. There are a range of candidates for each electorate.
Mr. Anthony Roberts -– Liberal MP 自由黨MP
I‘ve been in nsw visiting communities, visiting ethnic groups and telling them the same message that nsw are our assets, our factories. They are not our mines. Our assets are our people. The people of nsw is our great assets of this contry.
Labour traditionally is opposed to small business and as we know in the chinese community trade, people from chinese background are great small business people. And what they want to do is get on with their life, employ people and look after their families. And that』s what the Liberal National Coalition[LNC] is about.We share the same ideals the people of chinese origin has and that is we believe in a strong family unit, we believe in enterprise and we believe that if you are prepared to work hard you should be rewarded.
Mr. David Shoebridge —Greens MP 綠黨MP
Well we have quite a distinct set of values in terms of the politics here in NSW and federally. We have a fundamental belief in ecological sustainability that means we really need to think about the environment when we make long term decisions.
We also believe in social justice, fundamental belief in social justice which means making sure we keep those key services in public hands. So we keep our well funded public hospitals, we keep our very well funded public schools system.
Mr. Gordon Moyes — FAMILY FIRST MP
I believe so, I’ve been here for 9 years therefore I must be re elected and I would asked all people who love the Chinese community , the Chinese culture who got compassion in their hearts for human rights and for persecuted people in different parts of the world to vote for me, family first with Gordon Moyes and Joseph Mack in order we might continue this work.
我也是這樣想的，我已經在這裏９年了所以我必須重新當選。我希望所有熱愛中國社區的人們，熱愛中國文化的並在心裏對人權擁有慈善的人們，那些在世界上不同地方遭受著迫害的人們投我們的票，家庭第一政黨Gordon Moyes和Joseph mack，以便我們能繼續這方面的工作。
My name is Marie Ficarra and I am the member for the upper house of NSW govt and I represent the liberal party. So basically the whole of NSW.
Look we have so many brilliant candidates. We are tracking how everyone is traveling. We are just absolutely so pleased that people are hearing our message and individual candidate are working very hard.
Well, the NSW state election is on March 26th. In the end who will get it? Let’s wait and see.