【禁聞】揭鐵路工程弊案 直指體制問題

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【新唐人2011年8月10日訊】最近大陸媒體《中國新聞週刊》發表文章披露,有關鐵路工程招投標信息不公開是「潛規則」,一直以來,鐵路專案基本都是內定。鐵道部集採購、運營、監管於一身,工程經過層層轉包,最後為了營利,必然是偷工減料。有學者專家指出,這一切都是體制問題,誰也沒辦法。

中國「甬溫動車事故」造成人員死傷慘重,民間統計的數據和當局公布的人數相差有5倍之多,這起車禍真正死傷人數目前還是個謎。在事故後,人們開始追究是工程設備出了問題,還是人為疏失造成。8月3號,《中國新聞週刊》發表的文章揭露了事件真相。

《中國新聞週刊》在文章中指出,在公開渠道中,幾乎沒有中國鐵路建設的招標信息及中標結果。鐵道部集採購、運營、監管於一身,一切鐵路設備招標都是暗箱操作。

雖然鐵道部公布的《鐵路建設工程招標投標實施辦法》中明確規定:任何單位和個人不得違法限制或排斥本地區、本系統以外的具備相應資質的法人或其他組織參加投標,不得以任何方式非法干涉招標投標活動。不過,據了解,系統外的企業想要承攬鐵道業務,就必需與鐵道系統的企業組成聯合體。

「中南大學」城市軌道交通研究所教授王成立表示,現在市政建設都是那樣:規劃、招標、投標都由市政府一手包,沒見過所謂「第三者」。

王成立:「中國國際工程信息公司就是國務院下屬一個公司,它是來評這個地鐵系統的,它都是搞那個的,它既負責招投標,又負責給人評審,中國很亂的,都是這樣,它招投標都是虛假的,給老百姓看的,以為是招投標,都是那樣。」

《中國新聞週刊》還指出,在中國鐵路工程項目審批和招、投標運作中,領導幹部的人為干預、仲介機構的灰色交易,以及工程中標後被多次轉包,都直接導致了最後實際的承建方必然偷工減料、以次充好來保證盈利。

文章中提到,一位參與高鐵物資投標項目的人士表示,他曾接手一個投資3億元的工程,最終只花了8千萬元,其餘“全分給了各個利益關聯方”。

王成立教授表示,權力和貪腐造成工程質量設備不符標準,釀成甬溫動車慘案。這是中國的體制決定了中國的現狀,就是這樣,誰都沒辦法。

新唐人記者代靜、李庭、王明宇採訪報導。

Railway Quality Caused Crash

Recently, China News, a mainland media revealed that
according to “hidden rules”,
the railway projects’ bidding process is internally decided.

The Ministry of Railways combines the functions of
purchase, operation and monitoring in one.
The projects were contracted to layers of subcontractors.
To make profits, they all cut corners.
Scholars and experts pointed out that the reason behind
this is China’s political system, which cannot be changed.

The Wenzhou train crash caused heavy casualties.

The death toll reported by civilians is 5 times the official one.
The really number of casualties remains a myth.
After the accident, people began to investigate the cause:
an equipment failure or man-made cause?
China News’s article published on August 3 revealed the truth.

The article said, in public sources, there is hardly any info
on railway projects’ bidding processes or their outcomes.
The Ministry of Railways combines the functions
purchase, operation and monitoring in one.
All the bidding for railway equipment is “black case operation.”

Issued by the Ministry of Railways, “Measures for
Implementation on Railway Construction Projects’ Bidding”
specifies: No work unit or individual shall unlawfully limit or
exclude the qualified legal persons or other organizations
that are outside the region or system to participate in the bid.

However, the enterprises outside of the system have to form
a consortium with peers in railway system to win contracts.

Wang Chengli, professor in the Institute of Urban Rail Transit
of Central South University said that
the municipal constructions like planning, bidding and bid,
are all arranged by the municipal governments.
He has never seen a so-called “third party.”

Wang Chengli: China International Company on Engineering
Information is just under the State Council.
This company is in charge of subway system evaluation
as well as the bidding process.
This chaotic structure is commonplace in China.
Its bidding and bid are all fabricated to fool the people.

China News also pointed out that in China, the railway
construction projects’ approval, bidding and bid
are all intervened by the Communist cadres.

There are also grey deals by intermediaries.
The projects are later contracted to multiple subcontractors.
All these directly lead to the final contractor inevitably
cutting corners and compromising the projects’ quality.

The report said, a bidder who participated in the bid for
high-speed railway construction materials said that
he won a project of RMB 300 million.

In the end, he only invested RMB 80 million,
and the rest was distributed to the relevant parties.

Professor Wang said that power and corruption caused
the quality of the projects and equipment to be substandard
and finally triggered the Wenzhou Crash accident.

It is China’s political system that caused current situation.
Nobody has a way to change it.

NTD reporters Dai Jing, Li Ting and Wang Mingyu

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