位於美國華盛頓的全球金融誠信組織（Global Financial Integrity）去年12月發表的非法資金外流報告指出，從2000到2011年，中國因逃稅、貪腐或犯罪而產生的非法資金外流，約合人民幣23.6萬億元，佔發展中國家非法資金外流的近五成。
去年12月27號，美國《彭博社》在《毛澤東的戰友們的後代成為資本主義新貴》（Heirs of Mao’s Comrades Rise as New Capitalist Nobility ）一文中提到其調查結果指稱，中共資格最老的「八老」後代至少有18位人士擁有或運營離岸公司關聯實體，其中有些就在英屬維爾京群島和開曼群島註冊。
採訪/陳漢 編輯/宋風 後製/葛雷
People’s Daily “Revealed Secret Facts” About Foreign Investments In China
Recently, it is rumored that foreign capital
is being massively withdrawn from China having a huge impact on the economy.
The Chinese Communist Party (CCP)
has always denied this.
It used an article published by its mouthpiece media
People’s Daily in August.
Despite its attempt to deny the rumors, the article further
uncovers some secret facts about the CCP’s economy.
Let’s see the following report.
On August 12th, the People’s Daily published an article
titled “Foreign Investors Are Not Massively Retreating from China”.
The article uses the CCP’s Ministry of Commerce statistics.
It claims that the total number of new foreign companies
dropped by 17.31% this June.
However foreign direct investment (FDI) has increased by
20.12% during the same period.
Other statistics from the Ministry of Commerce show that,
between January and July 2013, newly registered companies dropped by 7.68%, but FDI has increased by 7.09%.
According to charts in the People’s Daily,
the top ten source locations contributed to 92% of total foreign investments
in China between January and June of 2013.
Among them capital from Hong Kong contributed to
39.7 billion US dollars, or 65% of the total.
Singapore ranks third, contributing 3.3 billion dollars,
or 5% of the total.
The United States, Germany, Netherland and France only
contributed 4.2 billion dollars, or 6.8% in total.
The distribution of foreign capital sources is very unusual,
but why is it like that?
US-based Chinese economist He Qinglian commented
that, although the CCP claims to rank second
in absorbing foreign capitals in the world, many of them
are fake ones which originally flowed out from China.
Feng Xingyuan, deputy director, Unirule Institute of
Economics, Beijing: ”There have been more Chinese
business owners who emigrate first and then
invest their money back into China.
Others stay in China with foreign passports or green cards.
Some also move their money out of China first
before investing it back.”
Feng Xingyuan said Mainland China has many preferential
policies for foreign investments,
especially in economic development zones, so many
emigrant Chinese entrepreneurs went back to China just to use the conditions to make profit.
A US-based Chinese magazine “China in Perspective”
recently published an article by Cheng Xiaonong.
It revealed that Hong Kong, Singapore and some
other areas are popular choices for money laundering from the Mainland.
Most investments from those places are originally China’s
domestic capitals with a foreign-like appearance.
Global Financial Integrity is a research organzation
located in Washington D.C..
According to its December report about illicit financial flows ,
China’s illicit outflow of capitals was about 23.6 trillion Yuan
between 2000 and 2011, accounting for about 50% of the
total illicit financial outflow from developing countries.
Yan Lixin, an expert in money-laundering, estimated that
China’s money laundered annually has exceeded one trillion.
Most of the outflows either directly go into Hong Kong or
pass through there as a conduit.
On December 27th, 2012, Bloomberg published an article:
“Heirs of Mao’s Comrades Rise as New Capitalist Nobility”.
The article said that, through investigation at least 18
descendants of the CCP’s eight most senior leaders own or run entities linked to companies registered offshore.
It includes the British Virgin Islands
and the Cayman Islands.
According to Gong Shengli, the chief researcher of Beijing
National Conditions Inside Reference, China’s 120 biggest state-owned companies are all highly-profitable monopolies.
For example, the price of the same car is more expensive
in China than in America by at least one-third.
This makes China’s market a very good place for
Gong further commented that, most state-owned
monopolies are controlled by the CCP princelings.
They make profits by changing of capitals, which leads to
the inflow and outflow of capitals in China.
Gong Shengli: ”Li Keqiang has repeatedly mentioned
the opening-up policy four times in only nine days.
He continues to talk about how China’s economy
should move forward.
This leaks the message that, there are some secret fears
within the operation of capitals or markets in China.”
Global Financial Integrity’s report revealed that a lot of
illicit money first left China as recorded FDI in off-shore financial pivots like Hong Kong and British Virgin Islands;
then they came back to Mainland China
as FDI from those places.
As a summary, the report believes such a complex money
laundering scheme is used by Chinese high net worth individuals to secretly accumulate wealth.
He Qinglian commented that, among the huge amount of
foreign capitals absorbed into China over years,
over 70% are indeed laundered domestic ones.
This fact is not a secret among government officials,
rich people or professional analysts.
It is only the CCP’s need to propagate that
“China is very attractive to foreign investments”,
which makes the fact a “national secret” to
ordinary Chinese people.