【禁聞】北大教授:讀完中學便與諾獎無緣

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【新唐人2013年10月14日訊】多年來,中國大陸教育領域的問題與爭議不斷,也一直倍受各界關注。最近,正好遇上2013年度「諾貝爾獎」頒布,有人說,10年之後中國人獲得「諾貝爾獎」將會成為平常事。但「北大」社會學教授鄭也夫則認為:在中國受過中小學教育的人,即使進入「哈佛」等世界名校也不會獲得諾貝爾獎。

正在相繼頒布的2013年度「諾貝爾獎」,雖然並沒有中國人出現在獲獎者名單當中,但卻引發大陸知識界熱議。

「南京工業大學」校長黃維,曾在9月開學典禮上號稱:10年之後,在中國出現「諾貝爾獎」將會成為常態。

但「北大」社會學教授鄭也夫並不認同這種觀點,他在廣州的一個教育論壇上指出:「獲得諾貝爾獎的中國人,沒有一個在大陸受過中小學教育。」

鄭也夫強調:在中國受過12年中小學教育的人,即使進入「哈佛」、「耶魯」等世界名校,也不會獲得諾貝爾獎,因為這12年,中國的教育已經把學生修理得喪失了想像力和創造力,只成為一個考試機器。

原中國「首都師範大學教育科學學院」副教授李元華表示,由於大陸教育體制的不合理、不公平,使得學校的競爭壓力越演越烈。特別是近些年,當局一味推行教育市場化、產業化。

李元華:「在這個大環境下,和黨文化的大背景下,中國教育實際是一個扭曲的教育,是違背基本人性的。所有人都把考試作為一個戰爭一樣去打、去爭。然後這裡邊就把追求知識、追求人生道理這些東西全沒有了。」

據了解,中國大陸因為中共的教育體製出現了許多問題,以類型來說,中國普遍存在教育機會不均等現象,以及,城鄉教育發展失衡、中小學教師素質偏低;教育經費不足,學校必須經營企業及工廠;中小學生流失率嚴重,文盲人數增加等。

從1901年到2012年,美國共有298人獲得諾貝爾獎,英國有84人、德國66人、法國33人。截至目前,獲得自然科學獎項的華人有8位,這其中,只有1998年物理學獎獲得者崔琦曾在北京讀過小學,而後到香港和美國深造。

旅美中國詩人、作家趙發光:「華人也好、中國的孩子也好,如果他能夠擺脫這種固有的模式,很迅速的能夠出來,跟這種開放式的教育理念接軌的話,中國的孩子憑他的聰明和勤奮,一定是能夠有所成就的。」

在此之前,「諾貝爾獎」得主錢永健曾對外界表示,他是美國科學家,不是中國科學家。他強調:一個成功的科學家一定成長在一個開放的社會、自由的環境中。

對比之下,中國大陸學生因為學習壓力大而自殺、他殺等惡性事件頻發,讓人怵目驚心。

9月14號,江西省撫州市臨川二中高三學生雷某,因對班主任的管理不滿,而將他割頸殺害在辦公室。

6月22號,四川崇州復讀生楊媛,因高考成績與本科線相差6分,而用水果刀自殺。

5月,南京兩名中學生,因為無法完成學校留的作業而自殺。

近年來,越來越多的人深感大陸教育弊端嚴重,很多學生選擇留學海外,但即使來到國外,他們還是很難擺脫中共教育留下的陰影。

李元華:「很多到海外來的人,實際上他看的還是中國網站,關注的還是共產黨宣傳的那套東西。他腦子還沒有變。所以在這個環境下,他不可能變成一個真正社會意義上的人,所以在各個領域獲得諾貝爾獎實際上就是很困難的。」

就在9月27號,美國伊利諾伊大學香檳分校(UIUC)發生一起校園兇殺案:29歲的中國留學生次永飛(Yongfei Ci),涉嫌將兩名女生囚禁在校外公寓,並將其中一名女生殺死。

採訪/劉惠 編輯/李謙 後製/李智遠

Peking University Professor: China’s Education System Negates Nobel Prizes

In the past few years, China’s education
system has been a controversial issue.
It has regularly drawn public attention.

Regarding the 2013 Nobel Prize, some people have
commented that in ten years time, it could be a normal
phenomenon that Chinese people win the prize.

However, Zheng Yefu, a Professor at
Peking University, suggested otherwise.
Although anyone who has studied in primary and
middle school in China, can enter Harvard, he
won’t have the ability to win the Nobel Prize.

No Chinese person won a 2013 Nobel Prize, which
triggered heated discussion in Chinese academic circles.

Huang Wei, President of Nanjing University of Technology,
spoke at an opening ceremony in September.

Huang said that after ten years, it would
become a normal phenomenon for Mainland
Chinese people to win the Nobel Prize.

Professor Zheng Yefu expressed an alternative view,
speaking at an educational forum in Guangzhou Province.

Zheng said that of all the Chinese Nobel Prize
winners, none of them were educated in
primary and secondary schools in China.

Zheng stressed that if Chinese people had accepted
12 years of education in China, even though he could
enter world famous schools like Harvard or Yale,
he is unlikely to be able to win the Nobel Prize.
Twelve years of education in China
has killed creativity and imagination.
They were only turned into an exam machine.

Li Yuanhua, former Deputy Professor of
Capital Normal University commented.
China’s educational system is irrational and unequal.

It causes intensified school competitive pressure.

Especially in recent years, the regime blindly pursues
market-oriented and industrialization education.

Li Yuanhua:"Under the Chinese Communist
Party (CCP) environment, education is
distorted and is against basic human nature.

People regard examinations as a war to compete in.
To pursue the knowledge and truth of life are missing."

Sources said that there were many problems
occurring in China’s educational sector.
This included unequal opportunities for education, and
imbalance of education between rural areas and cities.
Teaching quality is also poor.

Due to insufficient education funds,
schools have to run some businesses.
Students attrition rate and illiterate
rate has seriously increased.

From 1901 to 2012, there were 298 Nobel Prize winners
in the US, 84 in the UK, 66 in Germany and 33 in France.
There were 8 Chinese people who
have won natural science awards.
Cui Qi won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1998,
and had studied in a primary school in Beijing.
Later however, he had studied in Hong Kong and the US.

Zhao Faguang, US-based Chinese poet and writer:
“For Chinese children, if they can get rid of inherent
education, they can become outstanding quickly.

When they accept open-style education,
with their intelligence and hard work, they
certainly will have great achievements."

Nobel Prize winner Qian Yongjian has said that
he was not a Chinese scientist, but a US one.
Qian emphasizes that a successful scientist must
grow up in an open society, and a free environment.

Chinese students committed suicide and homicide
occurred frequently due to the pressure of studies.

On Sept. 14, a student with family name Lei,
in Linchuan No.2 High School in Fuzhou City,
Jiangxi, cut the class teacher’s neck in the office.

This was because of dissatisfaction
with the teacher’s management.

On June 22, a student named Yang Yuan in Chongzhou,
Sichuan, cut her wrist with a fruit knife because of being
6 marks behind the college entrance examination.

In May, two students in Nanjing committed suicide
after “failing to complete homework assignments."

In recent years, more people have deeply felt the
education system has displayed serious problems.
Many students choose to study abroad.

Although studying overseas, it is still difficult for
them to get rid of the CCP educational shadow.

Li Yuanhua: “Many of them traveled
abroad, but they still visit Chinese websites.
They are still absorbed in CCP propaganda,
and their minds remain unchanged.
Under such circumstances, they couldn’t merge
into the society, so it is hard to win Nobel Prizes."

On Sept. 27, a murder took place at the
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
A 29-year-old Chinese student named Ci Yongfei, allegedly
locked two female students in an apartment outside school.
Ci was accused of killing one of them.

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