【禁聞】中俄反人權法治列聯合國發展目標

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【新唐人2014年06月12日訊】聯合國「人權與法治高級別會議」日前在美國紐約舉行。會議就「人權與法治」是否應成為2015年後聯合國發展目標核心等問題,進行了辯論。歐盟等西方國家認為,人權法治是實現發展的必要基礎和保證。中、俄代表卻反對將人權和法治列入未來聯合國的發展目標內。專家表示,中、俄政治統治及價值存在的基礎,就是反人權、反自由、民主、法治。

在星期一(10號)的聯合國大會上,各國代表就2015年後聯合國發展目標的制定,進行了辯論。

聯合國秘書長潘基文在開幕發言中說,聯合國是一個以「所有人生而享有自由平等的尊嚴和權利」,以及「人人都有生命、自由和安全的權利」為宗旨的國際組織,而「貧困、不平等和不公正則是對這些原則的侮辱」。

聯合國在2000年曾發佈「千年宣言」,包括制定一系列將全球貧困人口減半的發展目標,而這個目標將在2015年到期。

潘基文認為,「人權」與「法制」是與貧困鬥爭、縮小差別的核心,對消除貧困、縮小社會和經濟差別有重要性,他指出,人權和法治既是方法又是目標。

不過,中共常駐聯合國參贊姚紹俊,不僅反對將人權列入聯合國發展議程內,還反對將法治作任何量化指標。他在發言中說「法治屬於一國內政」,「世界上沒有普適各國的法治道路和模式」。

俄羅斯代表隨後也呼應說:「法治是不可衡量」,並且強調:「聯合國的發展論壇不適合討論人權和法治。」

原「北京大學」法律系講師,目前旅居美國的中國憲政學者王天成認為,雖然每個國家的具體制度有所不同,但是,基本的人權和法治,卻是超越國家內政的普世標準。

原「北京大學」法律系講師王天成:「中國和俄羅斯聯手反對聯合國把這個(人權和法治)列入發展目標,(中俄)結成同盟來阻擋普世價值、來阻擋其他國家的民主發展,目地是不想受普遍人權標準的約束,(為)維護一黨獨裁。」

前「北京大學」法學教授袁紅冰也表示,沒有自由、民主就不可能有法治。

前「北京大學」法學教授袁紅冰:「(它們)反對的目地就是堅守集權,(因為)它們的整個統治、整個價值基礎、政治存在的基礎就在於反對人權、摧殘人權、反對自由民主的法治。」

6月4號是波蘭「自由日」25週年。波蘭外交部副部長亨利卡•莫斯卡•扥戴斯,在聯合國的會上,以波蘭慶祝民主轉型25週年的例子表示,「沒有對人權的尊重,就沒有民主和真正的社會經濟進展」。

她說,根據世界銀行的數據,1990年波蘭人均收入為5967美元,20年後,增加到22162美元。她說,「這一成就背後的驅動力,是對公民,對建立在民主與法治原則上的新制度所擁有的信心,而釋放出來的熱情、創造力和潛力。」

另外,歐盟代表託馬斯•梅伊爾•哈爾亭也在會上表示:在指定未來發展目標時應「確保每一項(聯合國發展)目標和指標與現存的人權標準、原則和法治原則相一致,這是很必要的。」

他說:「法治與發展密切相連、相輔相成。」「法治提供了穩定與透明的環境,這對經濟發展、投資、與腐敗和歧視作鬥爭至關重要」。

而王天成認為,法治是人權、自由、正義這個社會非常重要的道德目標保障。

王天成:「(法治)對經濟發展、對投資會有積極作用,一個國家沒有法治會削弱投資信心,腐敗當然會更猖獗,中國現在就是一個例子,腐敗猖獗,道德人心也敗壞了,混在一起,出現了前所未有的腐敗局面,爛透了。」

不過,袁紅冰表示,自由、民主、法制是人的基本權利,跟經濟發展沒有甚麼關係。

袁紅冰:「因為你把所有的人都變成了政治奴隸,對自然環境、自然資源毀滅性的開發和利用,也可以獲得經濟的高速發展,就像現在中共暴政就是這樣。」

袁紅冰表示,中共是一個集權暴政,跟中共去談人權法治,是與虎謀皮。

採訪編輯/易如 後製/鍾元

Chinese-Russian Anti-UN Development Goals
Follow Row over Human Rights Laws

The United Nations’ high-level meeting on human rights and the
rule of law was held in New York.
There was a debate on whether to put human rights and the
rule of law as the core issue of post-2015 UN Development
Goals and other questions.

The EU and other Western countries believe that human rights
and the rule of law are a necessary foundation
and guarantee for development.

Experts said the foundation of China and Russian political
domination and existence value anti-human rights, anti-free,
anti-democracy and anti- rule of law.

On Monday June 10 during the United Nations General Assembly,
delegates from all countries debated on
the UN development goals after 2015.

UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon said in his opening statement:
Our organisation is built on fundamental principles.
We hold that all people are born free and equal in dignity and rights.
We agree that everyone has the right to life, liberty and security.
Poverty, inequality and injustice are an affront to these principles.

In 2000 the United Nations had issued a Millennium Declaration
including a series development target on eliminating half of
global poverty which will expire in 2015.

Ban Ki-moon believes it is important for the human rights and
the rule of law in reducing the vulnerability of the poor and
building the future we want.

Human rights and the rule of law will be central to these efforts
both as a means and an end.

However, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) Permanent
Counselor Yao Shaojun not only objected to the inclusion of
human rights into the United Nations development agenda,
but opposed to make any quantitative index on the rule of law.
He said in his speech: there are no universal roads and modes
for the rule of law because it is an internal affair.

Russian representatives subsequently said: “There is no
way to measure the rule of law.
He stressed it is not good to discuss human rights and the
rule of law in the United Nations Development Forum."

Chinese constitutional scholar Wang Tiancheng, the former
Peking University law lecturer who is currently residing in
the United States, believes that basic human rights and the
rule of law is the universal standard beyond internal affairs
although each country’s specific system is different.

Former Peking University law lecturer Wang Tiancheng: The
purpose of China and Russia jointly opposing to list the human
rights and the rule of law as development goals is because
they want to maintain one-party dictatorship without the
restriction of universal human rights standards.

China and Russia formed an alliance to block the universal
values and the democracy development in other countries.

Former Peking University law professor Yuan Hongbing said
there won’t be the rule of law without democracy and freedom.

Former Peking University law professor Yuan Hongbing: The
purpose of going against it is to stick centralization.
Because their entire reign, the entire value foundation, the
political base are based on the rule of law against
human rights, the destruction of human rights and
against liberal democracy.

The 4th June, 2014 is the 25th Anniversary
of Polish Freedom Day.
Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs said at the UN meeting,
there will be no real democracy and social and economic
development without respecting human rights.

She used the example of the 25th anniversary of democratic
transition celebration in Poland.

She said that, according to World Bank data, the per capita
income in 1990 was $ 5,967 in Poland and it is
now $ 22,162 after 20 years.

Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs: the motivation for the
achievement, is the enthusiasm, creativity and potential
based on the confidence of the new system, which is built on
the principles of democracy and rule of law.

In addition, the European Union representative Mr. Thomas
Mayr Harting: “it is necessary to make sure the UN development
goal and index agree with the current human right standard,
principle and the rule of law when to figure out the future
development goals."

He said: “The rule of law is closely linked and complementary
to the development.
The stable and transparent environment provided by the rule
of law is very important for the economic development and
investment to fight against the corruption and discrimination."

And Wang Tiancheng believes that the rule of law means human
rights, freedom and justice which are a very important
protection for the moral goal in society.

Wang Tiancheng: The rule of law has a positive effect on
economic development and investment.

It will undermine investor’s confidence and make corruption
more rampant without the rule of law.

China is now an example with rampant corruption and
corrupted morals mixed together, which makes
the situation unprecedented in corruption.

However, Yuan Hongbing said that freedom, democracy, the
rule of law are the basic human right and have nothing to do
with economy development.

Yuan Hongbing: “CCP tyranny is to make all people as political
slaves and get high-speed economic development by
destructive development and utilization of
natural resources and environment."

Yuan Hongbing said that the CCP is a totalitarian tyranny; it’s
equal to asking a tiger for its skin to talk about
the rule of law and human rights with the CCP.

Edit/YiRu Post-Production/ZhongYuan

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