【禁聞】「一河一路」列世遺 重金申遺為哪般?

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【新唐人2014年06月24日訊】週日在世界遺產大會上,擁有2000多年歷史文明的中國「大運河」和「絲綢之路」,雙雙被列入《世界遺產名錄》。至此,中國的世界遺產總數達到了47項,穩居世界第二。不過有評論指出,中共把傳統文化及生態環境破壞殆盡後,每年再耗費巨資「申遺」,無非是利用這一項目炫耀政績和撈錢,缺乏保護古蹟及敬天畏地的概念。

6月22號,在卡達多哈市舉行的第38屆「世界遺產」大會上,中國「大運河」被成功列入世界遺產名錄。世界遺產委員認為,「大運河」是世界上最長、最古老的人工水道,也是工業革命前規模最大、範圍最廣的土木工程項目。

中國與吉爾吉斯、哈薩克聯合申請的「絲綢之路」項目,22號也被列入「世界文化遺產」名錄。世界遺產委員會把「絲綢之路」形容為﹕東西方之間融合與交流的對話之路,為人類的共同繁榮作出重要貢獻。

自1985年中共加入《保護世界文化與自然遺產公約》後,幾乎每年都要拿出數個項目申報「世界遺產」。目前,中國「世界遺產」數量已達到47項,位居世界第二。

前「山東大學」教授孫文廣指出,中共每年耗費納稅人巨額金錢去申請「世界遺產」,無非就是為了炫耀它的政績和撈錢。

前山東大學教授孫文廣:「它不是真正把它當地經濟搞上去,把當地的環境治理好,或者人民的生活有了更大的改善,不是從這些方面去做,搞一些譁眾取寵的辦法,提高當地的知名度,申遺就是其中很重要的一項,不惜各種手段來換取一個很虛假的名目。」

孫文廣指出,在各地官員眼中,只要有了「世界遺產」這塊「金牌」招牌,就可帶動旅遊賺大錢。

1997年成功申遺的山西平遙古城,1998年門票收入由申報前的18萬元躍高到500多萬元,翻了近30倍。而雲南麗江古城被列入世界文化遺產後,旅遊收入達13億元,佔到當地GDP的50%。

近幾年來,各地政府更是不惜勞民傷財的投入巨額資金,只為贏得「世遺」的金招牌。據了解,這次「大運河」申遺,從地方到中央,至少投入100億元資金。而五臺山僅景區整治搬遷就花費8億元﹔丹霞地貌投入十幾億﹔連年收入不到2億元的湖南崀山,當地政府為了「申遺」,投入4億多元,銀行貸款1億5500萬元。

「聯合國教科文組織」去年公布,中國每年在申遺工作上的花費高達3億元。有些地方還為「申遺」肆意遷拆村落,引發衝突﹔有的地方「申遺」成功後,把「世界遺產」當作搖錢樹,忽視了保護管理,造成破壞。

早在2005年,北京五大世界遺產,已經產生高達32億元的修繕資金缺口,而西安「兵馬俑博物館」年收入1億5000萬,維護費用只有幾百萬元。

這次申遺的「大運河」,在嚴重污染的情況下仍然進入了世界名錄。可是,「大運河」曾出現過斷流、淤塞等現象,中共經過8年的治理,目前「大運河」水質依然污染嚴重。

有大陸專家警告,「大運河」申遺成功,勢必推動旅遊業而再度遭到污染,當局應加強保護。

時政評論員汪北稷指出,中共早已把中華傳統文化摧毀殆盡,對生態環境的破壞更是史無前例,造成大量山川河流枯死,整個中國被陰霾籠罩。諷刺的是,中共每年還在不惜重金申請所謂的「世界文化遺產」。

時政評論員汪北稷:「中華民族生活的這個國土上,很多美麗的山河,古蹟和自然環境,中共它主宰這個政權,完全的、徹底的、破壞性的去掠奪它,掠奪它的資源,破壞它的綠化,破壞它的野生動物、植物、生物,以及它的人民所居住的環境,就是人文環境和自然環境都被徹底的破壞了。」

「聯合國教科文組織」曾經針對中共早年成功「申遺」的周口店遺址坍塌,以及麗江古城的過度開發做出過警告。2001年「世界遺產委員」也對中共的「申遺熱」做出限制,規定每年入選項目提名限制為30個,每個國家每年最多只能有一處地方入選世界遺產。

採訪編輯/李韻 後製/孫寧

The Grand Canal and the Silk Road are Inscribed On the World
Heritage List

The Grand Canal and the Silk Road inChina, with 2000 years
of history were included in the World Heritage List at the
World Heritage Convention on Sunday.

So far, China’s World Heritage sites reached 47 and
ranked second in the world.

However, it has been commented that the Chinese Communist
Party (CCP) tried to show off their achievement and make
money by applying for world heritage status with
huge amounts of money every year after destroying
the environment and traditional culture.

They have no concept of the protection of monuments
nor respect for heaven and earth.

June 22, China’s Grand Canal was successfully inscribed on the
World Heritage List at the 38th session of the World Heritage
Convention held in Doha city.

World Heritage Committee believes that the Grand Canal is
the world’s longest, oldest artificial waterway and also the
world’s largest and most extensive civil engineering project
prior to the Industrial Revolution.

Jointly submitted by China, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, the
application for adding the Silk Road to the World Heritage list
was approved on June 22nd.

The World Heritage Committee described the Silk Road as a
dialogue path for integration and exchange between Asia
and Europe which made an important contribution to the
common prosperity of mankind.

Since 1985, CCP applied for the World Heritage almost every
year after joining World Cultural and Natural Heritage Protection.

Currently, China World Heritage reached 47, ranking second
in the world.

Former Shandong University professor Sun Wenguang pointed
out that the CCP’s World Heritage application with money
from the taxpayer each year is nothing more than to show off
its achievements and make money.

Sun Wenguang: “They don’t want to boost the local economy,
change the local environment or improve people’s lives.

They don’t improve from these sides, but use grandstanding
approaches to improve local visibility.

The world heritage application is an important way to get a false
name by all means."

Sun Wenguang pointed out that in the local officials’ eyes, the
gold sign of World Heritage can promote tourism and bring
more money.

1997’s successful inscription of ancient Pingyao city increased
ticket sales from 120 thousand Yuan before application to
5 million Yuan in 1998.

Ancient Lijiang city’s tourism revenue reached 1.3 billion
yuan after being included on theworld cultural heritage list,
accounting for 50% of local GDP.

In recent years, local governments spared no efforts to win
the gold insignia of World Heritage with lots of money.

It is said they invested at least 10 billion Yuan
from local to central for the Grand Canal inscription.

It took 0.8 billion for Mount Wutai’s restoration and relocation;
more than one billion for Danxia landform.

The local government invested more than 400 million
including 155 million Yuan bank loan to apply for
Hunan Liangshan although its annual income is
less than 200 million Yuan.

Last year, UNESCO said it takes 300 million Yuan
per year in China for inscription application.

Some places wantonly demolished villages for World Heritage
application and caused conflict.

Some places have world heritage status as a money tree
without protection and management, resulting in damage.

As early as 2005, Beijing’s five world heritage sites have
produced up to 3200 million Yuan to repair the funding gap.

The Terracotta Warriors Museum in Xi’an has an annual income
of 150 million Yuan, but costs only few million Yuan to maintain.

The Grand Canal inscribed on the World Heritage List is
under severe contamination.

However, the Grand Canal had cut-out and silted up before.

After 8 years CCP governance, the current Grand Canal still
has serious water pollution.

Mainland experts warned the Grand Canal’s inscription on the
World Heritage List can promote tourism but contaminate the
water; the authorities should strengthen protection.

Wang Beiji, current affairs commentator, pointed out the CCP
had destroyed traditional Chinese culture and even caused
unprecedented ecological destruction, resulting
in a large number of dead mountains and rivers.

The whole of China is covered by haze.

Ironically, the CCP still applies for so-called world cultural
heritage at great cost.

Wang Beiji: “The land of China has lot of beautiful mountains,
rivers, historic spots and natural environments.

The CCP regime completely, thoroughly and destructively
plunders the resources, destroys the greenery, wild animals,
plants, and living environment from here.

It means they completely destroy human environment and the
natural environment."

UNESCO had a warning on the collapse of Zhoukoudian
and over-exploitation of the old town of Lijiang
which were listed as world heritage in the early days.

2001, the World Heritage Committee also limited CCP’s
world heritage application by 30 nominations
on selected projects per year and only one selected
world heritage each country per year.

Edit/LiYun Post-Production/SunNing

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