採訪/陳漢 編輯/張天宇 後製/肖顏
Shocking University Corruption Allows Daily Expenses
To Be Reimbursed
Corruption in universities’ research funds is no secret in
China, the amount of embezzled research funds is growing,
despite the media exposures every year.
From car and house payments, to daily expenses, they all can
be reimbursed, research funds have become a “personal ATM."
According to Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) official media’s
reports, inspection teams of the Central Discipline Inspection
Commission have found extremely serious corruption issues.
This being in mainland’s universities and research
institutions during this year’s inspection.
A large amount of research funds were being diverted to other
uses such as personal enjoyment expenses, or embezzled by
individuals, batch after batch of “worms" have fattened up.
Former Associate Professor of Education Science School,
Capital Normal University, Li Yuanhua: For the CCP,
its entire social climate has been corrupted.
It uses corruption to rule the nation, so corruption infected
all schools, research departments and universities.
Therefore research funds are embezzled by some people for
other uses or personal treasury, it is a common phenomenon.
Reports said, inspection teams investigated many universities
including Renmin University of China, Fudan University.
At least eighteen universities’ heads were named
in the investigation bulletin.
Former director of enrollment and employment at Renmin
University of China, Cai Rongsheng, Donghua University
president, Liu Qingcheng, and Henan Police
College president, Mao Zhibin, are all included.
In addition, there are five “top leaders" of the university
party committee, including former party secretary of Liaoning
Medical University Zhang Lizhou, and party secretary
of Qilu University, Xu Tongwen.
In this regard, retired professor of Shandong University,
Sun Wenguang pointed out, unlike Western countries,
mainland’s political system makes university not just a
simple educating place, but a part of the CCP authority.
CCP officials often controlled the real power, they are both
universities’ heads and heads of research projects,
under no supervision.
Professor Sun Wenguang: Nowadays universities implement
a “party leadership system".
This system has serious problems.
The party committee should not become a major member of
the leadership of the universities.
Now many universities’ major affairs are basically
dominated by party secretaries, they have great power.
In this way, he can use his power to pursue his own interest,
this is also determined by China’s current political system.
China’s research funding ranks second in the world, but the
number of scientific research achievements is quite poor.
According to National Bureau of Statistics of China,
government expenditures for research and experimental
development has an average annual growth of more than
one hundred billion yuan (US$ 16,3 billion) in recent years.
In 2012, it was more than 1 trillion yuan (US$ 163 billion).
However, according to investigations by China Association
for Science and Technology, only forty percent of the funds
are used for real research projects.
Professor Li Yuanhua: China’s research fund does not have
a rational allocation, in fact it is dominated by some people,
they carve up the funds of top projects.
From funds application, to its approval and use, corruption
exists in each link, hence, although many research funds
have a large number of inputs, but the proportion used for
real research is quite small.
It is strange, despite the phenomenon of diverted research
funds has existed for years, but the related projects still
have huge loopholes in its establishment, approval, use of
funds and supervision so far.
There is no introduction of any systematic regulations.
In contrast, many extremely unreasonable rules and settings
still exist, a strange phenomenon of universities worrying
about not being able to spend all research
funds also appeared.
Li Yuanhua: One main reason is the fluctuating funds
allocation time, for example, the funds are not allocated when
you needed the funds at the beginning of the year.
It was only allocated to you at the end, but you have
no use of such large sums.
It forces you to spend all the money in a short
period of time.
You can not spend all the money through proper uses,
so you can only spend it for other uses, since the remaining
money will be taken back.
The allocation time is not regular, from approval to
allocation and use, every link has problems.
It is widely believed that the misuse of research funding is
just a part of university corruption, which is just an
extension of official corruption.
It is not just a problem of establishing regulatory
mechanisms, or reform of the management system of research
funding, if the root is rotten, pruning it will be useless.
Interview/ChenHan Edit/Zhang Tianyu Post-Production/XiaoYan