【禁聞】「失獨」家庭組聯盟 向當局維權

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【新唐人2014年11月18日訊】自古以來,對父母而言,最大的悲慟莫過於「白髮人送黑髮人」。但是在中國大陸,由於中共的「一胎化」政策和不健全的養老制度,使很多父母在失去了唯一的孩子後,不但要承受精神上的痛苦與煎熬,更是要面臨老無所養的艱難困境。這些孤苦無依的老人又被稱作「失獨老人」。目前,中國大陸正有越來越多的「失獨」家庭組成聯盟,向各地政府維權請願

據《維權網》報導,自11月11號開始,重慶市數百個「失獨」家庭,連續3天聚集在重慶市衛生和計劃生育委員會門前,要求當局兌現承諾,解決「失獨」家庭養老問題,保障他們的基本權益。

這些「失獨」父母們有的手舉各類請願橫幅、有的唱著失獨歌、也有的人舉著寫滿冤情的訴狀在衛計委門前靜坐等待。但是令他們失望的是,直到他們嗓子唱啞了、腿坐麻了,也沒有見到一名政府官員出來進行任何回應。直到第三天,才有官員接見了幾名「失獨」代表,敷衍了一句「看情況盡量解決問題」,就將等待了幾天的請願「失獨」父母們打發離開。

近年來,類似的「失獨者」維權事件一直在大陸各地頻繁的上演著。

11月10號,陝西一百多名「失獨」父母到陝西省政府請願,要求解決老無所養的問題﹔9月22號,來自天津、遼寧、吉林、河南、湖北及新疆五省一市的「失獨」者,分別前往當地衛計委、政府部門維權,並打起「兌現承諾是國家的責任」等橫幅抗議﹔5月25號,全國各地500名「失獨」父母聚集北京「國家衛計委」抗議示威,要求當局修改「計劃生育法」,儘快出臺對「失獨者」有實質意義的幫扶政策……

從各地「失獨者」請願的訴求可以看出,生存艱難和養老問題是他們面臨的主要困境,絕大多數「失獨」家庭經濟相當困難,但當局直到現在還沒有建立任何對「失獨」老人的撫恤、養老、意外傷害和醫療保險等專項安撫制度。

安徽「失獨者」胡麗英:「訴求就是叫政府讓我們這些失獨者老有所依!」
《新唐人》記者:「那國家有給你們補助甚麼嗎?」
胡麗英:「有是有,少的很呢!」

據中共政協統計顯示,「失獨」老人中60%以上患有抑鬱症、50%的人患有高血壓、心臟病等慢性疾病﹔患癌症、癱瘓等重大疾病的有15%﹔一半以上「失獨」老人有過自殺傾向。

江蘇省啟東「失獨」母親餘哲南:「我也不敢考慮我老了會怎麼樣,所以到我老了,我覺得我不行了,我就早點結束自己的生命吧,這個國家也沒有辦法指望它。」

幾乎每一名「失獨者」,提起計劃生育政策,都會痛恨不已。他們質問當局,為甚麼在強行推行計劃生育的時候,喊出了「只生一個好,政府來養老」的口號。而當他們失去唯一的孩子後,政府卻對他們不聞不問,當初的承諾兌現在了哪裏?

胡麗英:「沒有人照顧啊!哪有人照顧我們啊?我們自己照顧自己。那個時候是叫我們只生一個不准生第二胎啊!現在他們上訪就是講這個唄!」

2012年6月,100多名「失獨者」進京,向原中共國家計生委遞交了《要求給予失獨父母國家補償申請》,得到的答復是:「沒有法律依據。」短短兩年,這份補償申請上的申請人數已經超過了3千人。今年8月,他們再次向法院遞交訴狀,起訴衛計委並要求賠償,但法院決定不予立案。

河南駐馬店「失獨」母親謝金蘭:「我現在感覺國家政策對我們『失獨』家庭不公正,不公平。我們是這種政策的受害者,為啥沒有給我們一分錢的補貼?」

據中共衛生部2010年統計數據顯示,中國「失獨」家庭已經超過100萬戶。而民間統計數字則遠遠高於官方給出的數據。

2013年,人口學專家易富賢根據人口普查數據推斷,在不久的將來,中國或將有1000萬家庭成為「失獨」家庭。

採訪/陳漢 編輯/張天宇 後製/舒燦

“Loss of Only One Child" Family Alliances Defends their Rights

Since ancient times in China, the greatest grief for parents,
is to see the death of their child.
But in today’s Mainland China, due to the “one-child" policy
of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP)
and the defective pension system,

many parents who lost their only child, not only
have to endure the mental pains and suffering,
but to also face the predicament of having no descendants
supporting them.
These helpless old people are also known as
“Old People Losing their Only One Child".
Currently, there are more and more families in China,
who have faced the predicament of losing their only one child,
who are now forming alliances to claim rights from
local government bodies.

According to Weiquanwang (Human Rights Defenders Website),
since Nov. 11, hundreds of families in Chongqing city which
“lost only one child",
gathered together for three days in front of Chongqing
Municipal Health and Family Planning Commission(HFPC).

They required the authorities to fulfil their commitments
and to address the pension issues of the families with
“losing only one child", protecting their basic rights.

These parents who “lost only one child" sat in front
of the HFPC office, some waving banners,
some sang songs of losing only one child,
and some holding a petition with grievance complaints.

But to their disappointment, after singing so long their voices
became hoarse and legs got numb from sitting,
no government official showed up to help these people.

Until the third day, some officials interviewed
a few representatives of the families
which “lost the only one child",

and gave a perfunctory reply “we will try our best to solve
the problem depending on the situation".

Then these petitioners were sent back.

In recent years, China has witnessed similar and frequent
occurances of parents petitioning the loss of one child.

On Nov 10, more than one hundred parents who lost
their only child,
petitioned at Shanxi Provincial Government, asking they resolve
the issues of old people’s pensions;
On Sept 22, parents of “losing the only one child" from Tianjin
Municipality, Liaoning Province , Jilin Province, Henan Province,
Hubei Province and Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region,

all respectively went to the local HFPC and governmental
agencies to hold protest banners,
demanding, “fulfilling the commitments is the responsibility
of a national".
500 parents of “losing their only one child" gathered at the
office of National HFPC in Beijing on May 25,
to protest and require the government to modify the
“Family Planning Law",
and produce the preferential policies as soon as possible,
which have substantial bearing upon those parents
who “lost their only one child"……

As seen from the appeals of all such families, most of them
are experiencing financial difficulties and pension issues.

However, until now the authorities have not yet established
compensation/allowance, pension, accident
and health insurance systems etc for them.

One of such parents Hu Liying is from Anhui Province,
he says “the appeal is to ask the government to secure
the independence problems of us old people
losing our only one child!"
“NTD" Reporter: “So did the government give you any
financial assistance?"
Hu Liying: “They did, but the amount is too minimal
for words!"

According to the revealed statistic information of CCP’s
Chinese People Political Consultation Conference (CPPCC),
amongst these older people, 60% suffer from depression,
50% suffer with high blood pressure and heart diseases,
15% suffer from cancers, paralysis and other major diseases,
and more than half having suicidal tendencies.

Yu Zhenan is a mother of such parents and says:
“I cannot consider what happens when I am old.
At the time when I am old, if I think I am old and cannot sustain
myself, then I will end my life as soon as possible.
I cannot count on this country."

Almost every parent who has lost their only child, have such
discontent with the family planning policy.
They asked the authorities, when implementing their family
planning policy,
why they led us to believe “Only one child policy is good,
the government secures the pensions for parents etc".
But when they (the parents) lost their only one child,
the government treated them with indifference,
seemingly without any care towards them. So where are
the governments original commitments?

Hu Liying: “There is no one to take care of us!
No one to take care of us at all!
We only take care of ourselves.

At that time we were only allowed to have one child
without allowing us to have a second child, ah!!
Now people are appealing for this policy!"

In June of 2012, more than 100 parents “losing their only
one child" went to Beijing,
submitting to the original CCP’s State Family Planning Commission.
“a request for state compensation for parents losing their only one child"
But the reply is: “no legal basis."

Within just two years, the number of applicants applying
for this compensation has exceeded 3,000 people.
In August of this year, they filed a lawsuit
to the court once again,
charging the State Family Planning Commission
and claiming compensation,
but the court decided not to file the case.

Xi Jinlan is a mother from Zhumadian City of Henan Province
who is one of the parents who lost her only child:
“I’m feeling the State Policy is unjust to those who lose
their child. It’s unfair.
We are the victims of this policy, why don’t we receive
a penny of subsidy?"

According to statistics of CCP’s Ministry of Health,
in 2010, China’s families who lost their only child, amount
to more than one million in number.

The public estimated the actual data of statistics
was much higher than that of the official data.

In 2013, demography expert Yi Fuxian made an inference
based on the census data.
In the near future, China will have 10 million families
to have become a “losing their only one child" statistic.

Interview/ChenHan Edit/Zhan Tianyu Post-Production/ShuCan

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