采访/刘惠 编辑/尚燕 后制/朱娣
Should Mao leftist websites enjoy freedom of speech?
Left-wing websites in Mainland China, such as “Utopia"
and “Mao Zedong flag,“ closed after Bo Xilai stepped down. These websites used to tout Bo.
Some of the legal and media professionals said that freedom
of speech should be restored for the left-wing. This should include left-wing websites.
Some human rights activists point out that freedom
of speech must be based on a fair platform.
On the morning of March 15th, people were concerned
about the news on Bo being removed.
Subsequently, some Internet users found the “Utopia"
website could not be accessed.
At the same time, other left-wing websites such as
“Mao Zedong’s flag,” Mao Zedong Net, April net,
Red China Network etc. cannot be accessed either.
Some lawyers broke the news.
Kong Qingdong, a representative of the left-wing, was
forbidden to teach at Peking University, and Sima Nan’s microblog articles were deleted.
Sima Nan is another famous left-wing representative.
His lectures were cancelled at the same time.
In this regard, some scholars and media professionals
called for the restoration of expression of freedom for leftists.
However, advocates and the majority of Internet users
believe that freedom of speech is still subject to checks, aligning with universal values and ethical issues.
For example, Germany is considered a country allowing
expression of freedom, while it is illegal to publish speeches supporting Nazism.
Tang Jitian, a Mainland Chinese human rights lawyer in
Highlighted that the protection of the freedom of expression should be divided into different levels.
Lawyer Tang Jitian: “It is needed to make different protection
levels. If someone exchanges ideas based on facts, then it should be protected.
But if someone just aligns himself with the government,
and suppresses other different voices through offical power, then this kind of activity should not be protected.
Zhaoyan, a visiting scholar at Columbia University
also spoke to NTD Television.
If overindulging in leftism, China may suffer from the Cultural
Zhaoyan: “The leftists want the restoration of the Cultural
Revolution with no human right status.
You may request expression of freedom,
but you cannot hurt others.
If you ask all media to go back to the Mao Zedong period,
and take the so called freedom of expression of that time,
then you may make the Chinese suffer from a Cultural
Zhu Xinxin, former editor of Hebei People’s Radio said,
“Utopia" tasted the bitterness of language violence and power politics, which it always advocated.
Zhu Xinxin: “Utopia" always utilizes the official power
to block oppositional voices. Now it is being blocked.
They should learn something from this event: it is just like
a double-edged sword to block others’ expression.
The sword will hurt themselves with the autocratic power.”
The well-known artist Ai Weiwei said that the speech
and behavior of the left-wing were beyond the scope of freedom of expression.
He did not think left-wing speech should be protected.
Ai Weiwei took himself as an example, with
people like Sima Nan, Wu Fatian and Hu Xijin.
These people used to discredit and abuse him unscrupulously,
but could not defend himself or fight back on these websites.
Ai Weiwei said the abuse is not a part of freedom
of expression, and should be restrained in any society. They are “evils.”
Lawyer Tang Jitian: “If they discredit and abuse others
through websites, then it is not only a commitment to civil and administrative responsibilities, but also criminal liability.”
Ai Weiwei said that in the past few years, there was
no freedom of expression in China.
So-called free expression created a larger area of silence
each time, making society without creativity and flexiblity.