【禁闻】推动公民权益 茅于轼获经济自由奖

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【新唐人2012年3月31日讯】美国的“卡托研究所”(Cato Institute)29号宣布,中国著名经济学家茅于轼,获得美国今年的“弗里德曼自由奖”(Milton Friedman Prize for Advancing Liberty),表彰他对推动自由市场经济与个人自由的贡献。“米尔顿•弗里德曼自由奖”是以诺贝尔经济学奖得主米尔顿•弗里德曼的名义设立,每两年颁发一次,以表彰那些对推动个人自由作出巨大贡献的人。

经过全球范围公开提名的程序,“卡托研究所”决定将这个奖项授予茅于轼,“卡托研究所”认为,茅于轼是中国积极宣导个人权利和自由市场的倡导者之一,他宣导开放和透明的政策。在中国从计划经济向自由市场经济转型过程中,茅于轼贡献了自己的力量。

茅于轼在得知自己获奖后表示,这是对中国大陆所有自由促进者的鼓励。茅于轼的学生,也是北京师范大学MBA导师与经济专栏作家的段绍译,接受《新唐人》采访时说,茅于轼获得这个奖项当之无愧。

北京师范大学MBA导师段绍译:“他是中国能够走向自由的最有利的推手,这是全世界对茅于轼的认可,也能够扩大茅于轼在中国实现中国自由民主方面的影响力。”

茅于轼在1993年创建独立智囊机构“天则经济研究所”,倡导市场经济改革,强调特权是阻碍中国经济发展的最大瓶颈。茅于轼在研究中国大陆经济问题的时候不忘推动公民权益,把“社会平等”视为中国大陆“市场经济”转型的重要内容。

茅于轼曾经提出,“所谓公有制就是有人可以管全民的资产,这就是特权的来源。”他还说,“公有制”使大家都饿肚子,而“特权”问题最终和“公有制”有关系,所以我们要消灭特权,也必须得实行“私有制”。

茅于轼:“其实,从人类历史长远的发展看,它总的发展方向就是按照普世价值的方向,就是人权、平等、自由。凡是跟普世价值冲突的,必须得调整自己。将来全世界一定是一个尊重人权的,是一个平等、自由的,是一个民主、法制的制度。”

去年,茅于轼在接受《新唐人》采访时,特别强调:最基础的“普世价值”是人类共同的“道德”。

作为中国当前最有影响及敢言的经济学家,茅于轼发表了不少批评政府政策的言论。3月27号,茅于轼在他的新浪微博中建议,“取消共产党各级的政法委”。他表示,因为现在的贪污犯大部分都是党员,让共产党管司法大家不放心。他认为取消或严格限制“政法委对司法的干涉”,否则司法独立永远是一句空话。

对此,“东南大学”法学院教授张赞甯也表示,“政法委”是影响中国司法独立的一个非法机构,就是中国的一个毒瘤。

东南大学法学院教授张赞甯:“政法委是什么机构呢?宪法里面没有政法委,法律里面也没有政法委,甚至连党章里面也没有政法委,那么政法委就是一个道道地地的非法组织,我觉得政法委必须取消,不取消的话,中国就没有理由也没有脸面,对外宣称中国是个法治国家。”

不过,茅于轼有关“取消共产党各级政法委”的博文,在他领取“密尔顿•弗里德曼自由奖”前夕,已经被中共当局给删除了。

采访/周玉林 编辑/黄亿美 后制/郭敬

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Mao Yushi Receives Milton Friedman Prize for Advancing Liberty

The Cato Institute announced on March 29 that Mao Yushi,
China economist, has been awarded the 2012 Milton
Friedman Prize for Advancing Liberty (MFPAL)
for his achievements in free markets and individual rights.
Milton Friedman was a recipient of the Nobel Memorial Prize
in Economic Sciences, and MFPAL was founded in his name.
The award is presented every other year to an individual who
has made a significant contribution to advancing human freedom.

After a worldwide nomination process, Cato Institute
presented the MFPAL award to Mao Yushi.
Cato Institute believes that Mao Yushi is one of the pioneers
for individual rights and a free market in China.
Mao Yushi has been an advocate for an open and transparent
political system in China.
He has devoted himself to China’s transition from a planned
economy to a free market economy.

When he learned the news, Mao Yushi said that winning
the award is encouragement for all who devoted themselves to freedom in China.
Mao Yushi’s student, Duan Shaoyi, MBA lecturer at Beijing
Normal University and editor of the economist column told NTD that Mao Yushi’s award is well deserved.

Duan Shaoyi, “He is the most prominent person to push
China toward freedom.
This award is global recognition of Mao Yushi, and can also
further Mao Yushi’s influence on freedom and democracy in China.”

In 1993, Mao founded the Uni-rule Institute of Economics, an
independent think-tank to promote market economy reform.
It stresses that privilege is the biggest bottleneck hindering
China’s economic growth.

In researching China’s economic problems, Mao Yushi
devoted himself to development of public rights.
He considers it important to promote civil rights
and society’s transition to a market economy.

Mao Yushi points out, “the so-called public ownership
is controlling the entire nation’s assets.
This is where privilege comes from.”
He added that public ownership is for starving everyone.
However, the privilege issue is related to public ownership,
thus privilege should be eliminated and privatization carried out.

Last year, Mao Yushi told NTD that basic universal values
are mankind’s morals.

Mao Yushi, “Actually, from the long-term view of human’s
history, the general direction of development follows the rule of universal values.
That is human rights, fairness and freedom. Anything
conflicting with universal values needs to be adjusted.
In the future, the world should have a system of respecting
human rights, fairness, freedom, democracy and the legal system.”

As a renowned economist, Mao Yushi has dared to criticise
China’s policies via his many published articles.

On March 27, on his microblog, Mao Yushi suggested to abolish
all levels of the CCP’s Political and Legislative Committees (PLC).
He remarked that since most embezzlers are party members,
the CCP can not be trusted to govern the legislation.
Mao Yushi added that PLC’s interferences in legislation
should be stopped or highly restricted.

Prof. Zhang Zanning at Southeast University School of Law
said that the PLC is an illegal branch, it affects legislation independence, and, its “like a tumour.”

Zhang Zanning, “What is PLC?
PLC has never existed in the Constitution.
Furthermore, in the Party’s constitution, PLC doesn’t exist,
it is definitely an illegal branch.
So I believe the PLC must be removed. If not, there is no reason
to claim that China is a country ruled by law.”

However, this entry in Mao Yushi’s microblog was deleted
by the CCP regime before he received the Milton Friedman Prize for Advancing Liberty.

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