采访/易如 编辑/李谦 后制/萧宇
Are China’s Sanctions on North Korea Superficial?
On May 7, Bank of China declared that it will close the
bank accounts of Foreign Trade Bank of North Korea.
It will disable its fund transferals.
Political analysts say that under international pressure,
the Chinese Communist Party(CCP) authorities
have to ostensibly impose sanctions against N. Korea.
The two sides still maintain a complicated relationship,
and will continue to take advantage of each other.
The analysts believe that the CCP’s North Korea
policy won’t see big changes in the near future.
In February this year, North Korea conducted
it’s third nuclear test amidst international outcry.
Afterwards, Pyongyang threatened
to spark off a war externally.
This has intensified the situation on the Korean Peninsula.
On March 7, the UN Security Council
unanimously adopted resolution 2094.
It strengthens N. Korea sanctions, especially financial
transactions and inspecting suspicious cargoes.
The CCP authorities, a long-term ally of
Pyongyang, voted in favor of the sanction.
Later, the US announced sanctions against
the Foreign Trade Bank of North Korea.
It stopped business transactions with the bank.
The bank has reportedly financed Pyongyang’s
nuclear weapons and ballistic missile programs.
In April, Japan passed sanctions against N. Korea.
The US is now persuading the
EU to join the ranks of sanctions.
Bank of China’s high-profile participation
has attracted world attention.
Joseph Yu-shek Cheng, professor of politics
at City University of Hong Kong, commented.
North Korea has repeatedly used nuclear weapons
and missiles to threaten the international community.
This has brought international pressure to the CCP.
Meanwhile, the CCP’s influence on
Pyongyang has come under question.
Prof. Cheng says that the CCP’s action
shows discontentment towards Pyongyang.
In addition, it shows that it just plays to
pressure from the international community.
Joseph Yu-shek Cheng:"Beijing’s policy toward
N. Korea has let down the general public in China.
The Beijing regime has backed Pyongyang
all these years, but has little influence with it.
By now, Beijing-led six-party talks have nearly failed."
Political observer Hua Po says that public financial data
shows China is North Korea’s largest source of financial aid.
Hua Po:"This is also a superficial act.
The bank accounts it closed are all
those that had been exposed to public.
Since the CCP has voted for the UN sanction, it cannot
justify permitting the operation of these bank accounts."
Hong Kong Economic Times reported about a
central leaders meeting that took place in June 2009.
The then CCP leader Hu Jintao reviewed N. Korea policies.
After heated debates, the policy was
finalized as “No war, No chaos, No nuclear".
The CCP new leader Xi Jinping has criticized Pyongyang.
This has sparked speculations on whether Xi-Li
would change the CCP’s policy on N. Korea.
Hua Po interprets that Xi-Li are not pro-Pyongyang.
They even have suspected that N. Korea
was deeply involved in Bo Xilai’s case.
Yet, this won’t make the CCP abandon N. Korea, he says.
Hua Po: “On the surface, China voted for the
sanction against N. Korea’s third nuclear test.
But this test, in a sense, has helped China’s authorities."
Hua Po explains that on some issues, such as South
China Sea disputes, the CCP has been subject to the US.
However, the CCP dares not to offend the US openly.
Pyongyang’s provocations against the
US is what the CCP would like to see.
It gives the CCP a bargaining power
against the U.S., says Hua Po.
On April 22, Fang Fenghui, Chief of the General Staff of
the People’s Liberation Army, met with Martin Dempsey.
who is Chairman of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff.
Fang said that N. Korea is likely
to conduct a fourth nuclear test.
Hua Po:"In the talks, he threatened the US
that N. Korea may initiate a fourth nuclear test.
It was suggested China is willing
to persuade N. Korea to give it up.
He actually implied that China won’t do
this favor for the US without a purpose."
Hua Po says that Beijing-Pyongyang
relationship is very subtle.
Both sides have conflicts as well as cooperation,
so the CCP won’t really abandon N. Korea.
According to Hua Po, the CCP’s sanction
on N. Korea is only a surface formality.