【禁闻】中共设东海识别区 被指转移矛盾

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【新唐人2013年11月26日讯】日前,中共当局高调宣布设立“东海航空识别区”,要求飞入这一区域的航空器向中共政府通报飞行计划,服从中共东海防空识别区管理机构的指令,对于拒不服从指令的航空器,将采取武力措施等。有评论认为,中共当局在国内矛盾不断升级的情况下,抛出这一军事行动,是为了挑起大陆民众的所谓“爱国”情绪,转移国内矛盾。请看以下报导。

23号,中共国防部宣布设立“东海航空识别区”,这一公告在当天上午10点起生效。

中共设定的“东海航空识别区”范围,是从北韩半岛南侧到台湾北侧,包括了有争议的钓鱼岛和东海油气田。

旅美政论家、美国中文杂志《中国事务》总编辑伍凡:“这个区包括钓鱼岛的上空,也包括日本势力区的一部分,有重叠。这样很可能就引起擦枪走火。这就引起东海上空紧张局势就出来了,引起老百姓对中共抱有幻想。”

日本《NHK》电视台11月25号报导,日本外相岸田文雄25号在国会参议院国家安全特别委员会上表示,“中方划设的空域包含日本固有的领土钓鱼岛,这是可能在现场引发不测事态的单方面措施。”

香港城市大学政治学教授郑宇硕﹕“它的举动是提醒它的主权,从2010年开始,中国周边的领海、领土纠纷,也同样有所闻,中国(中共)目前的立场是采取种种措施来加强它的主权要求。 也是向日本施压,也是回应国内民族主义的需求。”

伍凡:“中共面对党内斗争、经济下滑,老百姓反抗的声音一直在往上升,它要把‘爱国主义思想’提高起来,认为共产党不是卖国的,把焦点移到这边来,对降低社会压力、党内压力是有好处的。所以它就设立这个区。”

钓鱼岛,全称钓鱼台列岛,简称钓鱼岛,在中国的明朝和清朝时期,一直是中国的领土,1895年,中、日“甲午战争”后,被日本占领。

第二次世界大战结束后,国、共两党爆发激烈的内战,国民政府无暇顾及钓鱼岛。当时,美国以战胜国名义对琉球群岛实行托管统治,把钓鱼岛划入托管的琉球群岛范围。

1949年,中共建政,到1971年,美国把琉球群岛(包括钓鱼岛)转交给日本。这二十多年中,中共不但没有向美国交涉钓鱼岛的主权。而且,1953年1月和1958年3月,中共党媒《人民日报》分别在两篇文章里表态“钓鱼岛属于日本”。

但近年来,中共当局与日本在争夺钓鱼岛主权上,表现强硬。“东海航空识别区”一经公布,两架中共电子侦察机相继进入识别区。但却被日本战机拦截。

岸田文雄强调,日本将同美国紧密合作,进行协商,并与有关国家一道要求中方保持克制。而美国白宫、国务院以及国防部都发表声明,对中共进行警告。

旅美政论家、美国中文杂志《中国事务》总编辑伍凡认为,中共设立“东海航空识别区”,也是在看美国和日本双方的反应。

伍凡:“我认为中共设立这个区,是给美国和日本一个压力,看看你们真的是联手吗?还是假的联手。一旦这个地区发生冲突的时候,美国真的会介入吗?下个月2号,美国副总统拜登要访问北京,这个事情是一定要谈的。美国的态度要告诉北京,是真的还是假的。”

伍凡认为,中共和日本的关系随着设定航空识别区的建立,会越来越冷淡,包括政治冷淡、经济冷淡,但,军事关系会变的火热。伍凡表示,中、日间可能产生小的摩擦,而小摩擦能够转移中国民众的目标、转移社会的视线,这也是中共的目地。

但是,香港城市大学政治学教授郑宇硕表示,中、日发生战争的机会低。

郑宇硕﹕“两岸也好、中与日也好,都明白维持和平的重要性,绝对没有意思要动武,所以,发生战争、冲突的危险是相当低的。”

同时,郑宇硕表示,中、日领土之争,短时间内很难解决。

采访/易如 编辑/田净 后制/孙宁

China Sets Air Defense Identification Zone to Divert Attention Away from Domestic Conflict

Recently, the Communist regime announced the Air Defense
Identification Zone (ADIZ) in which “China’s armed forces
will adopt defensive emergency measures to respond

to aircraft that do not co-operate in identification
or refuse to follow the instructions."
Commentators believe that this military decision is to divert
the ever-escalating domestic conflict with a patriotic sentiment.

On the 23rd, China’s defense ministry issued the Air Defense
Identification Zone (ADIZ), effective as of 10am that day.

The ADIZ imposes air-traffic restrictions from
the South Korean Peninsula to north of Taiwan,
including the skies over the disputed island group,
Diaoyu/Senkaku, and the East China Sea oil reserves.

Wu Fan, political commentator: “This area includes skies
over Diaoyu Islands and overlaps Japanese territories.
It is very easy to create accidents.

The rising tension over the east China Sea will cause
illusion for the Chinese people about the Communist regime."

According to an NHK World report, at a Nov. 25
Parliament session, Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe
criticized China for creating an ADIZ that includes airspace
above the Senkaku Islands.
He accused China’s unilateral action as being very dangerous,
as it escalates the situation and invites unexpected incident(s).

Joseph Yu-shek Cheng, political science professor,
City University of Hong Kong: “It is a move to remind people
of its sovereignty.

Since 2010, China has been involved in territorial disputes
involving water and land.
China (the communist regime) is taking all measures
to claim its sovereignty and put pressure on the Japanese
in responding to the needs of domestic nationalism."

Wu Fan: “Facing the party struggles, economic downturn
and rebellion from the people, the Chinese Communist Party
(CCP) is trying to bring up patriotism among the people
to reduce societal pressures on the party.
The ADIZ is set up to divert domestic focus."

Diaoyu Islands, also known as Senkaku Islands,
has been China’s territory since the Ming and Qing Dynasty.
After the 1895 Sino-Japanese War, it was occupied by Japan.

After World War II, a civil war broke out between
the Nationalist Kuomintang and the CCP.
The Nationalist government was not able to attend
to the islands.
The United States re-categorized them as part of the United
States Military Government of the Ryukyu Islands.

In 1949, the CCP took control of China.

In 1971, the islands reverted back to Japanese control under
the Okinawa Reversion Agreement between the US and Japan.
Since then, for over 20 years, the CCP has not only failed
to negotiate the sovereignty of the Diaoyu Islands with the US,
but it also claimed in two CCP-controlled People’s Daily
articles in January of 1953 and March of 1958 that,
“the Diaoyu Islands belong to Japan."

In recent years, the CCP has taken a stern attitude
in regards to the Diaoyu Islands.
Since the ADIZ came into force, two Chinese reconnaissance
planes flew over the East China Sea and met Japanese fighter
jets on Saturday afternoon.

Japan’s PM Shinzo Abe stressed that Japan will work closely
with the US and in consultation with relevant countries to ask
China to exercise restraint.

The White House, State Department and Defense Department
in the US issued warning statements to the Communist regime.

Political commentator Wu Fan believes that by issuing
an ADIZ the CCP is testing the reactions of Japan and the US.

Wu Fan: “I think the CCP’s ADIZ is meant to put pressure
on the US and Japan.
It’s a test to see if they can work together.

Should there be a conflict arising in the area,
will the US really intervene?
During US Vice President Joe Biden’s visit to Beijing
next month, this issue will certainly come up.
Beijing will know the stance the US is taking."

Wu Fan believes that political and economic relations between
China and Japan will turn cold because of the ADIZ.
However, military relations will become heated.

Wu Fan says that friction will occur
and divert domestic attention.
That is what the CCP is aiming for.

Joseph Yu-shek Cheng, political science professor,
City University of Hong Kong, indicates that the chance
of a war between China and Japan is very low.

Joseph Yu-shek Cheng: “Whether it’s between Taiwan
and China, or between China and Japan, everyone knows
the importance of peace.
Military actions will be unnecessary.
The risk of war is very low."

Meanwhile, Joseph Yu-shek Cheng says that the territory
dispute between China and Japan is unlikely to be resolved in the short term.

Interview/YiRu Edit/TianJing Post-Production/SunNing

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