【禁闻】童工问题知多少? 三星供应商知道

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【新唐人2014年07月17日讯】美国纽约的人权团体,日前发布报告说,韩国“三星”手机(Samsung)在中国的供应商“东莞新洋电子有限公司”,雇用未满16岁的童工。14号,“三星电子”宣布,中止与“新洋电子”的业务往来。请看以下报导。

总部设于纽约的劳工权益组织“中国劳工观察”(China Labor Watch),10号发表调查报告。报告中说,“三星”供应商——广东东莞“新洋电子”,被发现至少雇佣5名童工。而且这些童工受雇时间较短暂,通常只受雇3到6个月就会被解雇,每天工作11小时而只得到10小时的工资。由于是童工,所以没有雇用合约,往往无法追讨遣散费。

纽约中国劳工观察执行主任李强:“我们这个机构主要是去做些研究、促使这些跨国公司,去改善它们在中国的雇佣工厂。三星这个工厂调查也是我们侦查的一项,就派人到工厂去,做这个工厂的研究。我们进去之后就发现有一些童工。”

据了解,6月30号,“三星”发布了它的2014年持续性报告,报告名字是《全球和谐》,在报告里面,“三星”说它在2013年针对200家供应商进行了检查,“没发现任何童工案件”。

李强:“趋于这样的原因,希望就是说,通过这个报告来引起三星对童工问题的重视,希望他们真正的能够去改善他们供应商的工作环境。”

14号,“三星电子”发表声明表示,发现了“新洋电子厂”雇用童工的证据,决定暂时中止与涉嫌的“新洋电子”所有业务往来。“三星”说,中共当局正在对“新洋电子”进行调查,如果结果确认供应商非法雇用童工,“三星”将永久停止与“新洋电子”的业务往来。“三星”还表示,对于雇用童工问题,公司持“零容忍”态度。

据了解,这已经不是“三星”第一次被披露出使用童工。2012年,“中国劳工观察”曾披露“三星”另一家位于惠州的供应商,非法雇用了7名未满16岁的童工,而且有理由推断工厂雇用的童工大约100名。

李强:“在中国供应链的系统就是这样的,这个品牌有很大的话语权,基本上控制了比如价格呀、速度这些,它要求供应商必须按照它们要求的速度、价格来生产,工厂呢,一方面就要满足供应商的要求,另一方面就要大量招工,招不到的话,就会招一些童工。”

广东深圳劳工维权人士林东:“代工厂,它们在雇佣这些童工的时候,没有顾及到这些会不会触及法律的底线。企业它明知道这个是犯法的,然后为了降低它的用工成本,补它用工的缺口,它不会顾及到这一块。”

广东深圳劳工维权人士林东则认为,对于中国企业为什么要雇佣童工这一问题,不能只是谴责企业,更重要的是要知道童工为什么要工作?

据林东透露,之前,在他们办公的附近,也有一个工厂被曝光使用童工,由于媒体的呼吁、关注,这些小孩子就被解雇回到了老家,但是有媒体到孩子的老家去采访时,这些被解雇的小孩非常反感媒体记者曝光他们,让他们失去工作。

林东:“因为他们觉得在深圳这个地方,每个月拿一千多块的工资,总比他们在家里面吃青菜、白饭的要好,所以我们还是希望尽可能的还是呼吁当地的地方政府,就改善他们家庭生活条件这一块,能够让他们有更多的机会接受教育,降低他们的教育成本,也就是解决这个问题的根本办法。”

而纽约的劳工活动人士刘念春在接受美国《自由亚洲电台》采访时表示,中共中央政府和地方政府都应该拨款解决“留守儿童”的技术培训。

刘念春说:政府的福利应该包括这一培训,但是中共政府目前花大钱打压异议人士,而不是依法治国。政府用在“维稳”上的钱,如果拿出十分之一,就可以足够为这些“留守儿童”提供技术培训。

采访编辑/田净 后制/葛雷

How Serious is the Child Labor Issue?
Samsung’s Supplier Knows.

Human rights groups in New York recently released a report
saying the South Korean Samsung phone supplier Xinyang
Electronics Co., Ltd. in Dongguang, China employs children
under 16 years old.
On July 14 Samsung Electronics announced the suspension
of business with Xinyang Electronics Co., Ltd.

China Labor Watch headquartered in New York published an
investigation report on July 10.
This stated that Samsung’s supplier Xinyang Electronic was
found to employ at least 5 children.
These child laborers are usually hired for a short time and
let go of after 3-6 months of employment.
They work 11 hours a day and only get paid for 10 hours.
Since they are children, there is no employment contract.
So usually they cannot pursue severance pay.

China Labor Watch Executive Director Li Qiang, “our
organization mainly conducts research and pushes global
companies to improve their factories in China. This supplier
of Samsung is our first investigation.
We sent staff to the factory and conducted the research and
found out there are child workers."

It is understood that on June 30, Samsung released its 2014
sustainability report.
It stated that from auditing 200 suppliers
they “found no instances of child labor".

Li Qiang, “because of that, I hope this report will draw
Samsung’s attention to child labor issues.
I hope they improve their suppliers’ working environments."

On July 14 Samsung Electronics issued a statement that
evidence of Xin Yang Electronics using child labor was
found and it has decided to temporarily suspend business
with the company.
Samsung said the Chinese Communist Party (CCP)
are investigating Xin Yang Electronics.
If the investigation confirms illegal employment of children,
Samsung will permanently stop doing business with them.
Samsung also stated that the company has “zero tolerance"
over the issue of child labor.

It is understood that this is not the first time
Samsung was found to use child labor.

In 2012, China Labor Watch disclosed another supplier
of Samsung in Huizhou, China.
They were illegally employing seven children under
the age of 16.
They also had reasons to believe the factory
employed about 100 children.

Li Qiang, “China’s supply chain system is like this.

The brand company has great impact. It basically controls
price and speed.
It requires suppliers follow its requirements of price
and speed.
Factories must meet these requirements and
recruit substantial numbers of workers.
If there are not enough workers, they will hire children."

Shenzhen labor activist Lin Dong, “factories did not
consider legal issues when hiring these children.
The businesses know that it is illegal, but they choose to
ignore it to lower costs and make up the gap in employment."

Lin Dong believes the child labor issue in China is not just
why businesses hire children, but why children need to work.

According to Lin Dong, another factory was found to
use child labor in the vicinity of their office.
Due to the media exposure, these children were dismissed.

When media visited these children at home, they were very
upset with the exposure which caused them to lose their jobs.

Lin Dong, “they think a salary of more than 1,000 yuan a
month in Shenzhen is better than staying at home to eat.
We hope local governments improve peoples’ lives
and give them opportunities to receive education.
To reduce the cost of their education might be the
solution to the issue."

New York-based labor activists Liu Nianchuan expressed
in an interview with RFA, that the CCP central and local
governments should provide funding to provide technical
training to the “left-behind children".

Liu Nianchun said, “the government’s welfare should include
training.
But the CCP spends lots of money suppressing dissidents,
rather than mange the country with the rule of law.
If the government uses 1/10th of its spending in “maintaining
stability", it would be sufficient to provide technical training
for these “left-behind children".

Interview & Edit/TianJin Post-Production/GeLei

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