《路透社》这篇题为《中国暗影机构如何兼并台湾》（How China’s shadowy agency is working to absorb Taiwan）的文章指出，中共统战部和国家对台办公室，除了执行对台贸易等政策外，也协助动员在中国工作的台商，企图影响台湾政治。
采访/秦雪 编辑/宋风 后制/葛雷
Reuters: How The Chinese Communist Party Shadowy Agency is Working to Absorb Taiwan.
The largest local elections in Taiwan history are approaching. The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) Taiwan Affairs Office recently said it would not comment on Taiwan’s elections. However, Reuters released an article on Nov.27, which revealed how the CCP United Fronts agencies are influencing Taiwan’s elections, and how Beijing used Taiwanese businessmen as a beachhead to absorb Taiwan. The article elaborates on the CCP penetration into Taiwan via different groups of people, to achieve “reunification". Let’s look at the report below.
The title of Reuter’s article is “How China’s shadowy agency is working to absorb Taiwan". The article said, the CCP’s United Fronts Department and Taiwan Affairs Office not only implements commercial policies with Taiwan, but also works on mobilizing Taiwanese businessmen in mainland China to influence Taiwan’s politics.
Those business people helped a lot in Kuomintang’s (KMT) victories in 2008 and 2012 presidential elections. A KMT internal survey shows at least 80 percent of the250,000 Taiwanese businessmen living in China voted for Ma Ying-jeou in 2012. After KMT came to power in 2008, over 20 trade deals were signed between Taiwan and Beijing. Currently, about 40 percent of Taiwan’s exports are to China and Taiwan technology companies built factories in China.
The article said, United Fronts agencies are using crafted methods to hook in Taiwanese businessmen. It has over 100 offices in Zhejiang, and madea “three must visit" system to instruct officials on visiting Taiwan merchants. They are “must visit during traditional holidays", “must visit weddings or funerals" and “must visit when the target or his family member is seriously ill".
This June, hundreds of Taiwanese businessmen held a celebration gathering to toast the new head of local Taiwan merchants’ association in Shenzhen. Li Jiafan, director of Shenzhen’s United Fronts branch, spoke at the gathering. Li actually said, “I urge our Taiwanese friends to continue to work hard in your fields to contribute to the realization of the Chinese dream (of reunification) as soon as possible."
Reuters quoted He-tai Chen, president of the Taiwan Merchant Association in Shenzhen. Chen said, “The Taiwanese business community on the mainland was China’s best public relations tool." A source close to CCP leader group said, Beijing’s goal is simple: “Peaceful unification" and “To attack the heart is the best. To attack a [walled] city is the worst."
At the same time, many believe that KMT has fallen far behind in the mayoral election of Taipei. Even merchants returning home will probably not be able to change the result.
Wu Huilin, research fellow at Chung-Hua Institution for Economic Research, “This year the situation is different from the past. Why? Many Taiwanese merchants have suffered great losses. They see that only a few magnates can make short-term benefits in China."
Wu said, the CCP’s influence was evident in previous presidential elections. However, as Taiwanese now have an improved national consciousness, the majority of middle- or small-sized Taiwanese businesses are struggling in mainland China now. As a result, the CCP’s political influence has abated a lot.
Wu said, after the Sunflower Student Movement, many people questioned themselves and realized that only big businesses benefit from any cross-strait deals. This leads to wider gaps between rich and poor. Therefore the CCP’s economic attractiveness is no longer working well.
Wu Huilin, “The key factor lies inside Taiwan. Especially the next generation feels that they are becoming poorer and have a strong sense of having been deprived."
Wu said the CCP’s penetration might also motivate Taiwan to raise more power in protecting itself.
Chu Hong-yuan, Associate Research Fellow at Institute of Modern History, Academia Sinica of Taiwan, said the CCP is unable to control Taiwan’s politics through merchants; its efforts can only make the situation more complicated. Chu commented that, the CCP is working on both parties, the KMT and the Democratic Progressive Party.
Reuters report also reviews United Front documents, which show the CCP’s ultimate goal is to “absorb Taiwan". The report said “The United Front hasn’t confined itself to the mainland. It is targeting academics, students, war veterans, doctors and local leaders in Taiwan in an attempt to soften opposition to the CCP and ultimately build support for unification." The CCP set up programs to invite Taiwanese scholars and military veterans on visits to the mainland. They also want to help Taiwanese graduates to find internships in China.
Tsai Ting Yu, a 15-year-old Taiwanese student, joined such trips in 2013 and 2014. She said, “Before the trips, I kind of resisted the idea of China. But through the programs I got to know them better and that resistance gradually disappeared." She even said she was considering doing an undergraduate degree on the mainland.
Chang An-lo is a former leader of Bamboo Union, a triad group based in Taiwan. Chang was known as the White Wolf, as currently head of a pro-unification party. Chang said, the CCP “has provided all-expenses paid trips for members of his party to the mainland." So, Chang supported unification as “Getting carrots from China is better than getting sticks".
Despite the CCP’s efforts in penetrating into Taiwan, more youngsters on the island are saying “NO" to the CCP. The Sunflower Student Movement in March has successfully halted covert operations of enforcement of the Cross-Strait Service Trade Agreement.
Interview/QinXue Edit/SongFeng Post-production/GeLei