採訪/常春 編輯/李明飛 後製/蕭宇
How to Get to the Top of CCP Regime? BBC States Seven Factors
Every ten years, the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP)
transition of power takes place in the 18th National Congress.
Media internationally are watching who will be
the core members of the CCP’s next leadership.
Recently, the BBC published an
article written by Angus Foster.
It listed 7 factors that help CCP officials
climb up in the regime power structure.
The BBC article “How to get to the top of China’s
Communist Party”, states that
the Chinese Communist Party is about
to unveil the country’s next generation of leaders.
Almost all will be career politicians
who have risen through the ranks.
There are 7 critical factors that help one succeed in
one of the world’s most rigid authoritarian systems.
These factors are “start young”, “choose your faction”,
“study morality”, “don’t flaunt it”, “be male”, “be ruthless”.
The article says that the CCP is like
the largest private club in the world.
All new members have to swear the Party oath before the
Party’s flag – a yellow hammer and sickle on red background.
Membership can bring high status and significant privileges.
These include access to restricted information and a chance
to meet people who can help with your job prospects.
The article states that nowadays, leaders have to climb
a tangled bureaucracy, which demands total obedience.
The party’s absolute control of politics and the media
means that any mistake could be your last.
If one doesn’t follow the party line closely,
he would have to pay a prohibitive price.
The most important factor in how far you rise is your patron,
or kaoshan in Chinese – meaning the mountain you rely on.
This is easy for children of high-level officials.
They have the help and protection
of their parents’ networks of influence.
Commentator Liu Guohua: “The way a CCP leader becomes
a senior authority totally goes again democracy.
Whether a CCP leader can stand out or not
mainly depends on the political route he follows.
In other words, it depends on if
one has chosen the right faction.
If you made a right choice, you will be promoted.
With regards to development of the country or opinions
of ordinary people, those things are far less important.”
The article also points out that China』s future leaders
need to have done time far from the comforts of Beijing.
President Hu Jintao spent four years in Tibet,
which is seen as a particularly arduous posting.
One of the rising stars among China’s younger leaders,
49-year-old Hu Chunhua, is serving time in Inner Mongolia.
In addition, being male is also a critical factor.
No woman has ever reached the Politburo’s Standing
Committee, its highest decision-making body.
In the wider, 24-strong Politburo, only
one woman, Liu Yandong, has a seat.
Wang Juntao, expert in Politics at Columbia
University, thinks that the 7 factors mentioned in the article should be treated selectively.
Some of them are not necessary factors.
Actually, the familiarity of the CCP’s faction
struggles and the knowledge of taking advantage of them are very important.
Wang Juntao: “For example, when the CCP leaders
take office in arduous places, they don’t really experience the hardship of life over there themselves.
I think they just talk about it in this way.
In a certain way, you can meet all 7 factors.
In some circumstances, one might need
to do things opposite to the 7 factors.”
At the end of the article, it quoted Professor Pei Minxin.
“If you get pushed out of power, they make sure
you never come back. You don’t just lose your job.
They go after your family and destroy your name.”
This is the ruthlessness of the CCP political system.
Commentator Lin Zixu: ”Regarding the CCP’s actual situation,
among all 7 factors, I think being ruthless is most accurate.
In order to climb the CCP’s regime system,
one has to be ruthless. Just like Bo Xilai.
He can beat his own father cruelly in order to protect himself.
Deng Xiaoping made the order to shoot weaponless
students, in order to maintain the CCP』s interest.”
Li Zixu also stated that “following the party’s interest”
by continuously oppressing one’s humanity is the key that CCP officials can climb up in the system.
Another commentator, Liu Guohua, thinks that with the
worldwide exposure of the inhumane live organ harvesting,
the CCP will be soon face justice and be severely punished.
This will be just like the justice the
Nazi’s faced after World War II.
Liu calls for ordinary people, and CCP officials, to recognize
the CCP’s atrocities, and quit from the CCP’s organizations.