採訪/李韻 編輯/李謙 後製/王明宇
How Far Is China from American Education?
American media recently published an article to compare
Chinese and American education.
people questioning, “Will Chinese universities ever defeat
At our interview, scholars analyzed the differences
between Chinese and American education and their future developments.
This Wall Street Journal article mentioned that Mainland China
has a competitive national examination system to select students.
The intensity, competitiveness, and anxieties therein all
overshadow SAT, making the whole system look like children’s games.
America’s university system, however, is still far ahead.
The reasons are obvious: First, America has an annual budget
of $980 billion to spend on education, the highest among all the countries, and twice that of China.
America also has the highest proportion of engineer majors,
981 per million inhabitants, while that of China is only 553.
In addition, American universities do their best to provide
students with employment preparation.
81% of American engineering graduates can immediately
start work, while the number is just 10% in China.
Beijing constitutional scholar Chen Yongmiao:
“Chinese education is essentially bookish, isolated from social reality.
University education only provides students with a system
of empty things, difficult when applying them in the real world.”
Beijing constitutional scholar Chen Yongmiao said that
the status quo of China’s education is a result of China’s political system.
By contrast, American university education enjoys more freedom.
As education is closely related to society, students find it easy
to adapt to working life after graduation.
Wall Street Journal also mentions that Chinese authorities
grant Beijing University and some other universities $270 million each
to raise their education standard to an international level.
Some researchers returning from overseas can receive
up to $150,000.
The report says increased funding and competitive students
will eventually allow Chinese universities to challenge the leading position of American education.
Chen Yongmiao does not agree with this claim.
He says, under the current political system, it is impossible
for Chinese universities to catch up with American Universities.
Chen Yongmiao: “The freedom during the Republic of China
gave rise to widely recognized universities such as Beijing University.
This is not the influence made by money.
Former president of Tsinghua University Mei Yiqi once observed,
Universities are valued not because they have grand buildings,
but because they have intellectual masters.
With CCP’s investment, Chinese universities can only produce
buildings instead of masters.”
Some netizens also made comments: Twenty years ago,
overseas articles already foresaw how
China’s academics would exceed that of America,
because Chinese students studied extremely hard.
But China has not been able to make it,
falling even further behind.
Although well-know for their hard work, Chinese students
find it hard to stand out, since they are often following the wrong direction.
In 2009, China tried modeling itself after the U.S. Ivy
trying to establish a union of nine schools,
including Beijing University.
They hoped such a union would attract
the best faculty and students.
Political critic Wu Fan comments, Chinese education used to
follow that of the Soviet Union, and now it is of the U.S.
However much the textbooks and teaching methods resemble
those of America,
Chinese education will never be able to learn the essence
of American education due to China’s political system.
Political critic Wu Fan: “CCP is still in control of
On the surface it claims to learn from the United States,
but in essence it establishes Party committees in the universities to control everything of the universities.
Party branches extend to all the departments and programs.
This is completely different from the free education in U.S.
Wu Fan says that CCP controls Chinese education so as to
turn students into successors of the Communist regime.
Now a growing number of college and high school students
realize that they can not really learn much knowledge in Chinese Universities,
and yet are constantly poisoned by CCP’s ideology. Therefore,
they flock to American soil to pursue further education.