採訪/易如 編輯/宋風 後製/孫寧
Xi Jinping Named Head of National Security Commission: Return to One-Man Dictatorship?
Xi Jinping was recently announced as head of the
newly established National Security Commission.
Xi also chairs the leadership team for
“comprehensively deepening reforms”.
It appears that he has now grabbed all power at
hand inside the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).
Is this good or bad for China’s future?
Let’s look at the following report.
Xinhua News Agency reported about a conference of
the CCP Central Politburo, which was held on January 24.
Xi Jinping was announced to be heading the
new National Security Commission (NSC).
Li Keqiang and Zhang Dejiang became
Deputy Chiefs of this new commission.
The NSC is a decision-making, deliberation and
coordination organ on national security issues.
It serves the Central Politburo and
the Politburo Standing Committee.
Its role is in planning and coordinating
China’s major national security issues.
Xi Jinping also holds his appointments as President,
General Secretary, Chairman of the Central Military
Commission, Chairman of NSC and head of the
leadership team for comprehensively deepening reforms.
Each step has seem him continually manage
to monopolize all power in China by himself.
Cai Yongmei, Editor, Open Magazine: “The
most important function of this new NSC is to
centralize power onto the General Secretary.
Previously Zhou Yongkang had the
power on defense and diplomatic issues.
Now all power is centralized
and given to Xi Jinping.”
Cai Yongmei, Editor of Hong Kong’s
Open Magazine, commented further.
The party’s second-generation had a stronger sense
of protecting their power, by governing the state.
Xi has wide connections among CCP princelings.
He brought the “Nine Presidents” era
of Hu Jintao and Wen Jiabao to an end.
Previously, Party power ruled supreme over the state.
Now Xi’s individual power becomes supreme over the party.
He is establishing a personal
dictatorship similar to Mao’s era.
Cai Yongmei: “As he holds all the power in his hands, he
also carries all conflicts and risks on his own shoulders.
On the other side, if Xi feels that he can’t hold any
more, he can also make big decisions by himself.”
Cai Yongmei further commented that, if Xi doesn’t do
well with all the power at hand, he may face becoming the
target of increasingly intense revolts by the Chinese people.
This is looking like how Mubarak and
Gaddafi’s regimes were overturned.
Therefore, when the critical moment comes, the Xi regime
may end like those of former Romanian Communist leader
Ceaușescu, or former Taiwan president Chiang Ching-kuo.
Chang Ping, is a political commentator and former
Vice Editor-in-Chief of Southern Metropolis Weekly.
Chang highlighted the necessity in modern
politics for the separation of powers, and
the maintaining of balance between them.
In any country in the world, including China, personal
dictatorship results in hidden dangerous effects.
Furthermore, China has already learned this
lesson from disasters under Mao’s dictatorship.
Hong Kong’s Apple Daily released a report following
the Third Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee.
It revealed that plans to establish the NSC
were in place when Jiang Zemin was in power.
The plan was presented in 1997, but
did not come to fruition due to opposition.
Wang Tiancheng, constitutional scholar: “The NSC
has control on both foreign and domestic policies.
Domestically, it’s most important task is to strengthen
control and suppression over Chinese society.”
Deutsche Welle commented that the NSC
covers both foreign and domestic security issues.
It is established to protect the party’s political power.
Deutsche Welle quoted an article by the Wall Street Journal.
It reported that the NSC strengthened power in national
security organs, to seek a better solution for citizens’
protests over pollution, land and corruption issues, as well
as social conflicts in places such as Tibet and Xinjiang.
According to the article, Yu Meisun, a former secretary
of the State Council said the CCP is now facing
serious social problems and seething public anger.
Therefore, the NSC will work to tighten the party’s
maintaining stability to suppress Chinese civilians.
On January 22, the CCP announced the leadership
team for comprehensively deepening reforms.
Xi Jinping took Li Keqiang’s place as the new head.
Constitutional scholar Wang Tiancheng said that
this group aims to extend the party’s governance
It exploits the only hope left among Chinese
people for some real reforms by the CCP.
However, Wang commented that after taking power,
Xi had released clear signals against Constitutionalism.
Therefore Wang does not believe
Xi will make any political reforms.
Wang Tiancheng: “The People’s Republic of China
is a country where higher officials are more corrupt.
If so, how can the most corrupt party
leaders be motivated to make reforms?
They fear being punished, but they don’t
want to give up their interests, either.”
Cai Yongmei said that currently, most of China’s
wealth is monopolized by high-level party officials.
The conflicts between the Chinese regime
and civilians are becoming more intense.
The CCP is afraid of revolutions,
or any attempts to overturn it.
It’s claims to deepen reforms is simply for easing public
anger, by making compromises and restraining privileges.
Interview/Yiru Edit/SongFeng Post-Production/SunNing