【禁聞】間諜領域擴大 陸專家盜美玉米種子

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【新唐人2014年02月12日訊】北京「金色農華種業公司」的6名中國籍員工,被指控涉嫌竊取美國已取得專利的玉米種子。其中被逮捕的莫海龍,日前在美國愛奧華州出庭做無罪申辯,下月底將庭審。評論指出,中共的間諜活動擴大了,過去是偷軍事情報、和商業情報,現在則偷農業情報等。

莫海龍是北京「大北農業集團公司」的員工,持有美國綠卡,去年12月莫海龍被抓捕,另5人被起訴,6人被指控從「杜邦先鋒」和「孟山都」公司的試驗田裡,盜竊玉米種子。

這樁盜竊玉米種子的案件,發生於2011年5月,位於美國愛奧華州中東部的「杜邦公司」科研農場的一名經理髮現:莫少龍和同事王磊,在玉米地裡用膝蓋爬行、鬼鬼祟祟偷玉米種子。

接下來,聯邦調查局對莫海龍和他的同夥進行了一年左右的監控。收錄他們的對話,包括如何收集種子,怎麼樣利用這些種子等細節。

起訴書指控,莫海龍團夥在伊利諾伊州購買了一小塊自己的試驗田,他們想將自交系種子,與其他自交系雜交,培育出雜交種子。

聯邦檢察部門說,一種自交系種子的取得,需要耗費5到8年的科研時間,成本可達3000萬到4000萬美元。

中國農業生物工程學者張開指出,用偷來的自交系種子,與其他自交系雜交,可以培育出高產的雜交品種,這樣既節省大量科研時間,也可節省大量金錢。

中國農業生物工程學者張開:「開發高產的種子需要大量的時間,因為它需要好多部門的共同的協助,要從選種、育種主要這兩個階段進行,那麼選種之後就要定下開發,根據開發的方向,去改善種子的具體的遺傳性狀,那麼這個時候就要花很多人力,去篩選甚麼樣的性狀符合產量高,能夠耐病蟲害這樣的遺傳基因。」

此外,張開指出,生物工程研究項目,需要多部門共同合作協調,因此花費的時間和人力非常龐大。

張開:「如果沒有人員之間的相互協調,即使投入大量的錢,也很難得到一個好的種子,然後在篩選種子方面,因為在實驗室裡,經過實驗加工出來的種子,往往還不能拿到實際大自然中去適應大自然的狀態,所以需要篩選它,這個時候也需要很長時間,可能需要5年6年甚至更長時間。」

去年12月13號,再有兩名中國的農業科學家被逮捕。

中國水稻遺傳學家嚴文貴博士和農業種子培育員張偉強,被指控在美國堪薩斯州一所研究設施裡竊取專利的稻米種子,並轉交給到美國訪問的中國代表團。

美國反間諜執行局局長布倫納曾指出,中共情報部門經常在美國完全掌握新技術之前,就獲取有關情報。

美國中文雜誌《中國事務》總編輯伍凡指出,中共現在的間諜活動擴大了,過去是偷軍事情報、偷商業情報,現在偷農業情報。

美國中文雜誌《中國事務》總編輯伍凡:「他這次偷的是玉米種子,玉米產量全世界最高的在美國,美國最大的一個種子公司叫孟山都,它在俄勒岡州,是全世界最有名的,全世界農業最好,並且玉米也是產量最高的,那麼他們就想偷這個種子到中國,自己去研究生產。」

伍凡分析,因為中國農業產量不斷下降,要依靠大量進口糧食來維護,所以偷外國的農產品種子,來提高自己的糧食產品,但這絕不可能是企業或個人行為。

伍凡:「你說私人去偷那個種子幹甚麼?私人你偷來你自己買地來種嗎?它是要把那個種子拿來做繁殖,以後擴大,由政府部門來做這種事情,來偷這個東西,自己不花錢,又節省了很長很長的研發時間,一步一步過去失敗的,它不要重復了,它偷人家最新的東西,一步就跟上你了。」

張開指出,這種偷來的美國種子,很可能因環境的改變而發生變異,幾年後,變異的的種子很可能造成中國植物種子,或者農作物的生長性狀發生改變,而影響物種,成為一個潛在的威脅環境,破壞環境的大災害。

採訪編輯/李韻 後製/鐘元

CCP Engaged in Agricultural Spying and Espionage – Environmental Hazard

Six employees of Beijing “Kings Nower Seed S&T Co., LTD"
were accused of stealing U.S. patented corn seed.

Arrested, MO Hailong pleaded not guilty in Iowa State
court recently and will go on trial next month.

Reports pointed out that the CCP’s espionage expanded
from military and business intelligence in the past to agricultural
intelligence.

MO Hailong is Beijing “Da Bei Nong Group" staff with
U.S. green cards.
Last December, MO Hailcong was arrested and another five
people were indicted.
Six people were accused of corn seeds theft from experimental
plots of “DuPont Pioneer" Company and “Monsanto" Company.

The corn seed theft case begun in May 2011.

Mo Hailong and accomplice Wang Lei were found crawling and
stealing corn seeds surreptitiously in a cornfield in east-central
“DuPont" experimental farm.

Next, the FBI monitored MO Hailong and his accomplices for
one year to record their conversations, including details on how
they collect and use the seeds.

According to the indictment sheet, MO Hailong gangs purchased
a small plot to breed hybrid seeds by crossing the inbred seeds
with another.

Federal prosecutors said it can take 5-8 years research and from up
to 30 million to 40 million U.S. dollars cost to develop an hybrid
seed.

China Agricultural Bioengineering scholar Zhang Kai pointed
out that,
it would save a lot of money and research time to make
high-producing hybrid seeds by crossing stolen inbred seeds
with another.

China Agricultural Bioengineering expert Zhang Kai:
“High-yielding seed development requires a lot of time because
it requires multi-department cooperation in seed selection
and pre-plant.
It may take a lot of efforts to improve specific genetic traits by
screening the traits and pests and disease resistance according
to the development direction after seed selection."

In addition, Zhang Kai pointed out that a bioengineering research
project required multi-department cooperation and coordination
with lots of time and effort.

Zhang Kai: Without coordination, even with investing a lot of
money, it is hard to get a good seed.
The seed from a laboratory cannot fit in with nature and
needs screening.
The screen may take 5 or 6 years, even longer.

December 13, 2013, two more Chinese agricultural scientists
were arrested.
China rice geneticist Dr. Yan Wengui and agricultural seed
cultivation staff Zhang Weiqiang

were accused of stealing patented rice seed in a Kansas
research facility and transferred to the visiting Chinese delegation
in United States.

U.S. counterintelligence executive Secretary Brenner has
pointed out that,
the CCP intelligence services frequently obtained relevant
information previously in the U.S. to fully grasp the
new technology.

US Chinese magazine “China Affairs" Chief editor Wu
Fan pointed out that,
the CCP expanded espionage from military and business
intelligence in the past to agricultural information now.

US Chinese magazine “China Affairs" chief editor Wu Fan:
“They wanted to steal corn seed to study production from
the most famous, largest and highest producing company, named
Monsanto in Oregon, US."

Wu Fan analyzed that it’s not business or personal protocol to
steal foreign agricultural produced seeds to improve
production.
It is because Chinese agricultural production continues to
decline and has to rely heavily on imported food to maintain
supplies.

Wu Fan: “Why does a person steal the seeds? Does he steal it
to plant? The government may steal it to expand cultivation.
That way, they don’t need to invest money or time to repeatedly do
research and they can catch up in one step by stealing
new seeds. “

Zhang Kai pointed out that this stolen seed probably mutated
due to environmental change.
The mutated seeds might cause change in growth traits and
affect species.
It may become a disaster to potentially threaten and destroy
the environment.

Interview & Edit/LiYun Post-Production/ZhongYuan

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