【禁闻】反垄断呼声涨 中石油否“拆分”

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【新唐人2013年10月14日讯】中国大陆在多名“中石油”高管被调查后,“反垄断”呼声高涨,各界也纷纷流传“中石油”将要“被拆分”的消息。有大陆媒体曾透露,原国资委主任蒋洁敏被查处后不久,中共发改委就在考虑拆分中石油,只是,因为牵涉面太广而没有公开。不过,“中石油”高管却在日前否定了相关报导,并表示,至少在中短期,“拆分中石油”不是最佳选项。

大陆《时代周报》10月10号的报导声称,“中石油”内部正在悄悄进行着一项评估行动,公司派出一些专业人士在全国范围内,调查“中石油”集团下面最优质、最能够盈利的地区﹔业务和子公司,并上报发改委。

一名不愿透露姓名的专家透露,前中石油董事长、国资委主任蒋洁敏落马后大概一个星期,就传出了要“对中石油整改”的消息,呼声最高的就是“拆分”,只是因为牵涉面太广没有公开。

不过在两天后,《上海证券报》的报导却指称,有“中石油”高层证实,“拆分”中石油的相关报导属无根据臆测,公司会将所谓“一体化战略”进行到底。

美国中文杂志《中国事务》总编辑伍凡认为,从大陆媒体前后相互矛盾的报导可以看出,中共高层内部斗争激烈。

美国中文杂志《中国事务》总编辑伍凡:“这么大的利益重新调整,涉及到中石油里面的石油帮、四川帮,也涉及到周永康、曾庆红他们的利益。他们绝对不会轻易的投降让你摆弄,所以反抗、反对的声音出来也很正常。”

在此之前,外界流传的“拆分中石油”版本中,有将“天然气运输管道业务”拆分独立运营的说法。不过,“中石油”高层官员特别对《上海证券报》提到,发改委等部门近期肯定了公司大力发展天然气业务的战略。

这一表态的潜台词似乎是,加快发展天然气业务是“中石油”的核心战略,得到发改委首肯,“管道网络一体化”自然要延续。

报导还说,很多民营企业质疑,“中石油”从上游到下游,掌握着最好的资源,也得到了最好的政策。而实际上有这方面技术的民营公司并不少,却几乎不能得到任何的政策倾斜。

伍凡:“中石油一系列的,无论是价格的垄断、资源垄断,国有企业打击民营企业。民营企业包括民间的加油站、炼油厂都给国营企业打压了,所以使得石油方面被中石油这山头垄断了,这对中国的经济、能源发展是不利的。”

美国芝加哥一家期货经纪公司老总曾感叹,“中国的‘两油’不仅庞大,而且强大,他们手中的权力甚至已经超越了发改委。”

美国“纽约城市大学”政治学教授夏明认为,“中石油”作为中国垄断行业的权贵,属于既得利益集团,也是中国改革的强大阻力。

美国纽约城市大学政治学教授夏明:“在这种资金转移,海外并购,同时在海外做各种石油期货生意等,大量的钱就是由中石油在运作。在运作过程中,如果有损失的话就由国家来承担这些损失,但是有任何得利的话就是由‘石油帮’的这些人中饱私囊。”

中国独立学者刘植荣的评论文章指出,垄断滋生腐败,而央企高管的腐败则必然损害股东利益,“拆分中石油”是唯一正确的选择。

不过,资深媒体人赵培对《希望之声》表示,“分拆中石油”只不过是利益集团重新分配势力范围,而且“石油帮”势力的后台——曾庆红和周永康,有可能利用“分拆重组”的过程毁灭贪污罪证,导致最终由百姓买单,来填补窟窿。

采访/常春 编辑/李明飞 后制/孙宁

PetroChina Negates Rumours of Company Split

The oil giant PetroChina, is said to be reorganizing
after a series of scandals were revealed.
The National Development and Reform Committee
(NDRC) reportedly planned to split-up PetroChina.
This was following former state audit
director Jiang Jiemin being sacked.
However, this plan was never made
public because of its potential impact.
PetroChina also denied this report.

It stated that split-up of PetroChina is not the best
option, at least not for the short and medium term.

A report on October 10 in Guangzhou based ‘Time Weekly’
said an assessment of PetroChina’s profit areas, business
and subsidiaries was conducted and submitted to NDRC.

An anonymous specialist revealed
the plan to restructure PetroChina.
This was a week after its former
chairman Jiang Jiemin was sacked.
Within the proposal, it was most likely
that PetroChina would be split up.
This was never disclosed for fear of it’s broad impact.

Two days later, a senior executive told Shanghai
Securities News that the report was baseless.
The company will stick to its integration
strategy “til the last minute”.

U.S. based China Affairs magazine editor Chris Wu
believes these conflicting media reports signal fierce
internal struggles within the Chinese Communist Party.

Chris Wu, Editor, China Affairs: “The
restructure will affect various interest groups.
This includes the oil faction, the Sichuan faction, and
individuals such as Zhou Yongkang and Zeng Qinghong.
They will not easily give up. It is typical
to see this struggle and resistance.”

In the planned split, the gas pipeline
business would become independent.
However, Shanghai Securities News was
told in particular that NDRC supported
PetroChina’s arising gas pipeline business.

This statement seems to indicate NDRC approves the core
strategy of PetroChina in promoting it’s natural gas business.
It also supports continuation of
the “pipeline network integration”.

Reportedly, private businesses were annoyed by this.

PetroChina holds the best resources, and yet,
many private companies with similar technology
could not get any preferential policies.

Chris Wu: “PetroChina monopolizes
everything, from price to resources.
This state-owned giant suppresses private business
such as the gas stations, refineries, and so forth.
It is devastating to the economy and energy of China.”

A Chicago based futures brokerage company owner once
commented, “Sinopec and PetroChina are big and strong.
Their power exceeds that of the NDRC.”

Political science Professor Ming Xia of City University
of New York believes PetroChina is not only
the monopoly of vested Interests groups.

It is also the powerful resistance in China’s reform.

Ming Xia, political science Professor: “PetroChina
operates through funds transfer, overseas mergers,
acquisitions, and all kinds of overseas oil futures.

In the course of operations, the state will absorb the loss,
but PetroChina individuals will take care of the profit.”

Scholar Liu Zhirong stated that monopoly breeds corruption.

Corrupt executives will surely
hurt the interests of shareholders.
Therefore, splitting up PetroChina is the only right choice.

Senior journalist Zhao Pei told Sound of Hope radio
that a split is only redistribution of the interest groups.
The oil gang’s supporters such as Zeng Qinghong
and Zhou Yongkang will very likely destroy evidence
of corruption through the process of restructuring.

Consequently, the public will have
to pay for these peoples debts.

Interview / Chang Chun Edit / Li Mingfei Post-production /

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