“记者无国界组织 ”(Reporters Without Borders)2013年公布的全球新闻自由指数年度报告，全球179个国家，中国排名173，是倒数第七位。
采访/陈汉 编辑/黄亿美 后制/郭敬
China’s New TV rules: No Foreign Films at Prime Time
China’s broadcasting regulators have issued new restrictions for 2014, allowing only one foreign film a year for a given TV station. Singing competition programs are limited to four per year during the prime time. These new rules are likely to impact current programs and are a sign of the lack of media freedom in China.
The State Administration of Radio, Film and Television (SARFT) recently issued rules for 2014 satellite TV programs. It limits domestic broadcasters to airing one foreign film a year, and the film cannot be aired during prime time hours. The announcement is considered by many as “an order to reinforce entertainment restrictions”.
SARFT staff: “There are only some channels with foreign films. Most people prefer the domestic programs. If you are really into foreign movies, just go for it outside the prime time."
The new rules also limit singing competition shows to be aired only once during prime time each season. Weekly programs on news, economy, culture, children, and sports should be more than 30%. On average, from 6am to 1am the next day, there must be over 30 minutes of domestic documentaries, and from 8 – 9:30am, no less than 30 minutes of Chinese made cartoons must be aired.
A Shandong native: “It’s another deceptive brainwashing policy! Generally, I don’t watch domestic programs. Whether it’s news or whatever, I feel like they just spew lies. It makes no sense to watch them."
TV stations are very much troubled by SARFT’s new rules. They say the 30% rule means no general entertainment programs, movies or soap operas for 7 and a half hours. Yet, there aren’t enough news, culture, or children programs to fill in.
On October 21, DongFang Daily (dfdaily.com) reported that many local TV stations intend to follow on the trend of foreign programs which have received much applause from Chinese the viewers. The new restrictions are like a bucket of cold water that ceased such enthusiasm.
In fact, viewing habits have changed in recent years. The younger generation is particularly no longer limited to the TV. More and more people adapt to computers and mobile devices such as smart phones to watch any programs anytime, anywhere.
Zhang Chengjue, literary columnist: “I feel [this new rule] is ridiculous. For anyone in China to watch a foreign show, they aren’t limited to the TV. The internet conveniently provides many ways to do it. This rule is not going to be effective. It only shows the purpose of the propaganda department. They are restricting people’s right to be informed."
In an interview with Radio Free Asia, Benjamin Ismail from Reporters Without Borders says that the meticulous control of media content is not adequate.
Benjamin Ismail, Reporters Without Borders in Asia-Pacific region director: “Interfering too much in the contents of the media, in the programs, for the whole sector to implement such precise restrictions using delicate language of morality, even in the name of public interest, we don’t believe this is appropriate."
In the 2013 World Press Freedom Index published by Reporters Without Borders, among 179 countries, China ranked 173, the 7th place from the last.
Interview/Chan Han Edit/Huang Yimay post-production/Guo Jing