【禁闻】东三省雾霾如末日 震惊美国网民

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【新唐人2013年10月25日讯】连日来,大陆整个东北地区陷入了严重雾霾天气,多座城市污染指数持续“爆表”,黑龙江、辽宁相继发布大雾红色预警。东北三省的航空、铁路、道路交通严重受阻,多条高速公路全线封闭。一些城市幼儿园、中小学全部停课。有网友形容“犹如世界末日降临”。

自10月20号早上起,东北三省出现重度雾霾,其中黑龙江省哈尔滨市的空气污染指数持续“爆表”,甚至21号,部分地区2.5PM的悬浮微粒指数达到1000,高出世界卫生组织规定的安全标准50倍。

由于雾霾浓重,能见度极低,哈尔滨多条高速公路全线封闭,部分公交线路暂停运营,太平国际机场也被迫关闭。给市民生活造成了极大不便。

黑龙江省哈尔滨市民余云峰:“很严重,很严重。从20号开始。哎呀﹗太不便了,学校都停课了,各单位有的都停工。”

黑龙江省哈尔滨市司机小亮:“郊区比较更严重一些,在两米左右的情况就已经什么都看不着了,开车在那边的时候挺受影响的,市区还好一点,三、四米,四、五米左右还能看清。有很多公交车都已经停运了。高速公路基本上都封闭了。司机反正就是开车慢慢的开,尽量不开。”

受雾霾天气影响,哈尔滨市医院呼吸科、耳鼻喉科的患者骤增二、三成。口罩销售火爆,已经脱销,全市各大药房的普通口罩及医用口罩也供不应求,有的市民甚至同时戴了数层口罩。

黑龙江省哈尔滨市 亿百大药房瑞祥店销售员:“有口罩,新来的这个。普通的卖没了,普通的那种卖没了,全卖光了,卖空了,这几天的口罩。今天到货了,刚到。又要空了,又要卖光了。”

虽然目前哈尔滨的雾霾情况有所减轻,但从哈尔滨环保局官网显示的监测数据可以看出,23号哈尔滨市各大监测点的空气质量污染指数,仍然多在400到500之间的六级“严重污染”区,属于最高等级污染。

对于造成这次雾霾的原因,哈尔滨市环保局解释,是由于日前供暖系统开始运作,锅炉陆续启炉﹔其次,目前正值秋季整地期间,城郊及周边县市大量焚烧秸秆,产生了浓重的烟尘。

但市民质疑,在哈尔滨生活多年,即使以往的供热季节,也没有出现过“雾锁全城”的场景。

哈尔滨市民余云峰:“这种气候的话,往年没有发生过。”

与此同时,吉林长春、辽宁沈阳等地,也出现了同样严重的雾霾天气。

吉林省长春市大学生小朱:“路上的能见度挺低的,我要是离路口远一点的话,早上雾浓的时候,会看不见路口的红绿灯。当我晚上回来的时候,我没有带口罩,这个时候我就感觉非常刺鼻,然后我的嗓子不是很舒服,我就感觉空气中味道特别浓。”

东北雾霾天气的图片被市民们发到网上后,引发了极大的关注和讨论。大陆作家协会会员,微博达人“盛京齐世明”作诗一首《雾霾下新的东北人精神》。他写道:“厚德载雾,自强不吸,霾头苦干,再创‘灰黄’!”他还讽刺说,事实再次证明:雾以“吸”为贵啊!“我们的宗旨”就是:喂人民浮雾!他质问﹕“谁之过?向谁人问责?”

外国的网友对中国环境污染之恶劣也表示了难以置信和不解,美国网民震惊的说﹕不明白中国人为何只用口罩对抗污染,而不是坚持要求更干净的空气?

有网民反问:“每年8%—9%的GDP真的值得吗?”

采访编辑/张天宇 后制/葛雷

Severe Smog Appears throughout Northeast China

In recent days, severe smog appeared throughout
the Northeast region of China.
Pollution index in many cities continued to break records;
Heilongjiang and Liaoning issued a warning of red fog.
Air, rail and road traffic were severely disrupted in three
Northeast provinces and many highways were temporarily closed.
Kindergartens, primary schools and secondary schools
in a number of cities were all closed.
Some residents said that the end of the world was here.

Since the morning of October 20, the Northeast
had severe smog.
The pollution index in Harbin of Heilongjiang Province
continued to break records.
On October21, 2.5PM suspended particles index reached 1,000
in some areas, 50 times higher than WHO’s required safety
standards.

Many highways in Harbin temporarily were closed due
to the thick smog which caused low visibility.
Some bus lines also suspended their operations
and Taiping International Airport was forced to close.
All these caused great inconveniences for people’s lives.

Yu Yunfeng, Harbin resident: “It was so serious
and inconvenient.
Since October 20, schools were all closed and so were
some work units."

Xiao Liang, bus driver from Harbin: “It is more serious in
suburbs, and you cannot see anything beyond two yards.
It affects driving badly, but in the city, you can see within
five yards.
Many public transportation has stopped operations, and
highways basically are all closed.
Drivers drive slowly anyway, and it is best not to drive."

Due to severe smog in Harbin, respiratory and ENT patients
surged 20-30 percent in city hospitals.
Masks are out of stock, and ordinary masks and surgical
masks are in short supply in the city’s major pharmacies.
Some residents even wear several layers of masks.

A pharmacy salesman: “We have masks, and they
just arrived today.
The ordinary type are and all gone, sold out.

We got new masks, but they soon will be gone."

The smog situation has eased somewhat, but from the official
website, Harbin EPA monitoring data show that on Oct. 23,
the pollution index was still around 400-500, which means
serious, the highest level of pollution.

Harbin Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau explained
the reasons for the heavy smog.
It was due to operations of heating systems, gradually starting
with boiler furnaces.
In addition, it is an autumn soil preparation period,
and a large number of suburbs and surrounding counties
burn straw, producing a dense smoke.

However, residents questioned that living for many years
in Harbin, even during the heating seasons, the city-wide
smog had never been seen before.

Yu Yunfeng: “This kind of climate had not happened before."

Meanwhile, Changchun (Jilin Province) and Shenyang
(Liaoning Province) also had serious smog like Harbin.

Xiao Zhu, Jilin University student: “We had very low
visibility.
If I stand a little farther from the intersection, I cannot see
the traffic lights with thick fog in the morning.
In the evening, if I don’t wear a mask, It is very pungent,
and my throat is uncomfortable with a particularly strong smell in the air."

After pictures of heavy smog circulated on the Internet,
it hascaused a great deal of attention and discussions.
Qi Shiming, a blog talent, wrote a poem as below,

Great virtual brings heavy fog,
Breathing it in with perseverance.
Working harder under smog,
Creating splendidly again.
He even sarcastically said that the fact proves fog is made
to be breathed in and our goal is to feed suspended particles to the public.
He asked: “Whose fault is this and who should shoulder
the responsibility?"

Foreign netizens have a hard time to understand China’s harsh
environmental condition.
American netizens said: “We don’t understand why
the Chinese like to use masks to fight pollution,
rather than insisting on cleaner air."

Some netizens asked: “Is an annual GDP of 8-9 percent really
worth it?"

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