大陆维权人士张先生﹕“它（中共）是害怕维稳经费太高了，引起的舆论影响太大了，大家都在追问维稳经费为什么这么高? 用到哪里去了? 为什么比军费还高?相当于内战这么高!实质上它大部分用于截访、反恐，跟镇压公民运动。三项的费用都在大幅的增加。”
采访/朱智善 编辑/周平 后制/李勇
Where has this Years Stability-Maintaining Budget “disappeared to?"
On this year’s Sessions of National People’s Conference (NPC)
& Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC),
Premier Li Keqiang stated in a report based on the
Work of the Government:
All levels of governmental budgets and
actual budgets shall be open to the public;
All governmental departments’ budget will gradually be
published, disclosing the basic expenses and project item costs,
and all three public expenses including overseas trips,
vehicle purchasing and maintenance, and official receptions,
will be open to the public.
This will then allow the public to “clearly understand
and monitor such things".
However, when looking at this year’s NPC & CPPCC’s budget report,
only one item of “public security expenses,
of which was 205.065 billion RMB with a growth rate
of 6.1 percent", can be found without any other
relevant items existing.
The so-called “stability-maintaining cost" has been
sharply reduced? Let’s watch the program.
The continual increase of the defense budget has been
maintained during the past four years.
This year has achieved 808.2 billlion RMB (US$ 130 million)
with a growth rate of 12.2 percent,
whereas the so-called official “public security budget",
known as “stability-maintaining cost",
has continually exceeded the defense budget.
This has become one of the much highlighted hot topics
during the recent sessions of the NPC & CPPCC.
“Stability-Maintaining Cost" is generally published
in the financial budget report of NPC & CPPCC.
But this year there is only one item of “public security expenses
205.065 billion RMB with a growth rate of 6.1 percent" in the report,
which makes the public unable to know the entire budget
of the “Stability-Maintaining Cost" and whether
it is more than the military budget again?
According to the Hong Kong-based Ming Pao newspaper report,
last year the budget report of NPC & CPPCC has 70 pages,
but only 36 pages exist for this year.
The “Stability-Maintaining Cost (SMC)" in last year’s
“2013 National public expenses budget items" on page 30,
and the fourth item “Public Security" of the 11th attached table,
summarizes that the actual budget for SMC in 2012 is
“707.791 billion RMB" and the budget for SMC
in 2013 is “769.080 billion RMB".
So, where is this year’s missing “local governments’
public security expenses"?
Democracy activist Chen Shuqing from
Hangzhou City of Zhejiang Province:
“If put together the increasing SMCs from central government
and all local governments of this year,
then the so-called public security budget will be
far more than the defense budget again.
So how much is the SMC for this year?
There is no way to compare them and then the difference
can be hidden from us."
During last year, large-scale group events
continually happened in China.
There are serious violence attacking events in Xinjiang
from time to time.
Last October, people from the Uyghur group ( Turkish ethnic people),
drove their car in to the Jinshui Bridge at Tian’Anmen Square in Beijing.
Recently, the bloodshed event which occurred in Kunming Railway
Station of Yunnan Province,
has severely shocked and disturbed some quarters in the world.
Its a reflection of the strain the people are experiencing,
while Chinese Communist Party (CCP) go to such lengths
to maintain stability.
Media reports say, after Kunming’s bloodshed case,
the local authorities still go further to enhance
the local stability maintaining tasks.
In addition, the State Security Committee
was just established last year.
So local governments’ SMC will increase rather than decrease.
The CCP authorities have removed the local governments’ SMC
in order to avoid the criticisms of many on the issue of
“SMC exceeding the defense budget".
Mainland human rights activist Mr Zhang:
“(The CCP) fear that SMC is too high,
consequently igniting the strong public opinion
of people in China.
Because all people are now questioning why the SMC
is so high, and where is it allocated to?
Also why is it higher than the military budget?
And how come the SMC is as high as the cost
of a civil war!
Essentially, most of the SMC is used for intercepting
the appealers, anti-terrorism and suppressing citizen movements.
All three categories have increased to a dramatic extent."
On March 6, Hong Kong-based Oriental Daily News,
cited a news source reporting,
due to the intense Xinjiang situation,
the CCP are planning to expand the military police force.
It is planned to convert 100,000 land force personnel
into military police.
Setting up another 10 new mobile military police divisions
with a total of 24 mobile military police divisions.
Mr Zhang: “The conflict (between the officials and the people)
has a root source, i.e. (the CCP’s) monocracy regime.
The ‘terror’ exists within the origin of the
The more money they spend on this aspect,
the larger the resultant conflicts will become.
Now the economy is on a downturn and if CCP intends on
intensifying its stability maintaining ethics,
this will surely increase the speed in which CCP finally
collapses. This method will not resolve anything."
Chen Shuqing: “As long as the CCP has this thought:
regarding the people to be only governed, rather than to
to not deny the idea of placing the CCP beyond the nation,
the laws and the people’s rights,
then the CCP’s SMC will increase along with the increase
in greater conflicts within the society.
This will result in more social unrest, bringing with it
more of its own problems and conflict,
finally achieving and reaching the point where its financial
ability cannot afford the SMC.
I think, in order to solve the fundamental problem,
the only way is to return the power back to the people
and let the voters decide the affairs of the nation."
Mainland human rights organization “China Tianwang Human
Rights Service" founder Huang Qi told the media,
the public security expenses as mentioned on the official report,
do not reflect how much the actual SMC is.
But even if the authorities increase the SMC, this will be helpless
for solving the origins of the problem.
On the contrary, this will only intensify the conflicts
between the authorities and the people.
Interview/Zhu Zhishan Edit/Zhou Ping Post-Production/Li Yong