【禁闻】美报告曝光中共“最尖端”黑客组织

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【新唐人2014年10月31日讯】一段时间以来,美国联邦调查局一直指控中共当局暗中支持黑客,从美国政府和企业窃取数据,但都遭到了中共的激烈否认和驳斥。日前,一个由美国众多知名网络安全公司组成的安全联盟,发布的最新研究报告显示:一个由中国政府支持,拥有最尖端黑客技术的网络间谍组织,多年来不仅入侵全球政府和企业窃取商业数据,还长期针对大陆境内外的异议人士,以及民运团体,发动网络攻击和监控。

据《美国之音》报导,一个以诺瓦塔(Novetta Solutions)公司为首,微软、思科、火眼、赛门铁克等十多家美国知名网络安全公司组成的“网络安全联盟”,10月28号发布报告指称,已经查明一个代号为“Axiom”的中国黑客间谍组织,在过去六年来,一直在对全球政府机构、企业(包括财富500强公司)、记者、战略能源相关组织、人权团体和大陆境内外的异议人士,发动网络袭击和监控。截止到目前,已经有至少4万3千台电脑被植入了恶意软体。

稍早前,美国联邦调查局(FBI)也曾发出警告称,一群拥有尖端技术的中国政府黑客,长期从美国企业和政府窃取有价值的重要情报。

FBI指出,由国家支持的“Axiom”网络间谍组织,不但资源充足,还有着专业、精良的技术和丰富的网络作战经验,比去年被曝光的中共军方61398网络战部队更为隐蔽、机敏和复杂。

对此,诺瓦塔等公司组成的“网络安全联盟”得出了和FBI 完全一致的结论。据《华盛顿邮报》10月28号援引诺瓦塔公司首席执行官拉蒙达尼(LaMontagne)的话指出,“Axiom”看来是由国家支持的,也是他们“所见过的中国网络间谍组织中的最尖端的技术”。

此外,“安全联盟”的网络专家和FBI还发现,与61398部队的任务不同的是,“Axiom”组织更侧重对异见人士的监控和工业间谍活动,极有可能属于中共负责国内安全的情报部门。

旅美中国社会问题研究人士张健:“中共所有派出的黑客部队这些单位和人员,他们所干的事情无非是几方面,一在政治方面打压对手、抹黑对手。第二在经济方面套取大型跨国公司的经济情报和信息来增加自己本国的经济实力。第三,对于流亡海外的异议人士、宗教人士进行大面积监控和抹黑行动,这样来凸显在海外流亡人士他们被中共所镇压是有道理的。”

很多异议人士和政治评论人士也曾表示,他们经常会发现自己使用的电脑出现异常情况。

张健:“当很多记者采访我的时候,我自己本身的电脑就受到攻击了,我家里的网络也受到攻击。我也发现很多记者的网络有很多很多的问题。当然我们无法到现场证明你的电脑是受到攻击的,但是从我们采访的情况所持续的效果来看,我能判断出来,你的电脑应该遭受到了攻击。”

除了异议人士,海内外很多民运组织和人权团体也发现,每逢举办涉及对中共当局提出抗议或揭露真相的活动时,都会受到各种的干扰与破坏。例如今年6月2号举办的“全球纪念六四25周年网络大会”,就遭到了中共当局空前的攻击。不但参加者的电脑被木马病毒入侵、电子邮件被盗用,开会使用的通信网站Paltalk的服务器更是被攻击到瘫痪,实况转播的网站也无法使用,致使会议的规模及直播受到了极大影响。

中国民主阵线主席盛雪:“我们做了不少的防范,但是必须得承认它的攻击的力量太强大了!在会议开始的那个时间,我们全部都被‘踢’出会场,然后每一个人的Paltalk在自己的电脑上就崩溃了。甚至我们有的朋友电脑就完全黑屏,就打不开了!”

另据《观察网》报导,在即将到来的11月,美国总统欧巴马将前往北京参加亚太经合组织首脑会议。有消息说,会议的议程预计将包括网络安全问题。但结合此前中共当局的态度,外界对此并不乐观。

采访/易如 编辑/张天宇 后制/萧宇

Chinese Cyber Espionage Group Reported

For some time, the FBI has accused CCP-backed cyber
espionage activities of stealing government and industry data,
but the CCP has denied such activities.

An alert from FBI, obtained by Washington Post, indicated
that a coalition of security researchers has identified a Chinese
cyber espionage group that appears to be the most sophisticated
of any publicly known Chinese hacker unit and targets not only
U.S. and Western government agencies but also dissidents
inside and outside China.

Novetta Solutions, a cybersecurity firm that heads the coalition,
reported on Oct.28 that, the research consortium has
detected Axiom malicious software on at least 43,000 computers
around the world belonging to law enforcement and other
government agencies, journalists, telecommunication and
energy firms, and human rights and pro-democracy groups.

Earlier, FBI has warned that a group of technologically
sophisticated Chinese government hackers has been engaging
in stealing important data from industry and governmental
agencies for a long time.

Axiom’s work, the FBI said in an industry alert this month,
is more sophisticated than that of Unit 61398, a People’s
Liberation Army hacker unit that was highlighted in a report
last year, added the Washington Post.

Peter LaMontagne, chief executive of Novetta Solutions, said,
“Axiom’s activities appear to be supported by a nation state…"
“These are the most sophisticated cyberespionage tactics
we’ve seen out of China."

The researchers concur with the FBI’s conclusion, noting that,
unlike Unit 61398, Axiom is focused on spying on dissidents
as well as on industrial espionage and theft of intellectual
property, said the Washington Post.

US-based Chinese Society researcher Zhang Jian:
“Undoubtedly, these Communist hackers’ purposes are:
One, to suppress political opponents and discredit opponents;
Two, to obtain valuable economic data of large multinational
corporations to increase their own economic strength;
Three, to conduct massive surveillance and smear campaigns
against exiled dissidents and religious figures,
so to highlight the justifiable suppression of these overseas exiles."

Many dissidents and political commentators have said that
they often find abnormal situations in their computers.

Zhang Jian: “Whenever there are interviews by reporters,
my computer was attacked, so was the Internet at home.
I found many reporters’ Internet were problematic too.

Of course we can’t verify the cyber attack, but according to
the interview and the effect on the computer,
I can tell the computer was attacked."

In addition to dissidents, many pro-democracy organizations
and human rights groups around the world have also
experienced various interference and destruction
during protest or truth revealing events against the CCP.
For example, in the Global Network Conference to commemorate
the 25th anniversary of the Tiananmen Massacre this June,
participants experienced Trojan viruses attacks and unauthorized
use of e-mail; even the communication service site,
Paltalk, was down, and the Webinar was also down,
greatly affecting the scale and broadcast of the meeting.

Federation for a Democratic China Chairman Sheng Xue:
“We were prepared, but the attack was too powerful.
Right at the beginning of the online meeting,
we were all kicked out of the meeting room.
The Paltalk was completely crashed.

Some of us experienced complete black out on screen.
The computer was completely off."

According to China Observer, US President Barack Obama
will travel to Beijing to attend the APEC summit in November.
Sources said that the agenda of the meeting is expected
to include cyber security issues.
But based on the responses of the CCP in the past,
it is not optimistic.

Interview/YiRu Edit/Zhang Tianyu Post-Production/XiaoYu

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